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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1968 (SND Vol. VII). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

REEST, n.3, v.3 Also reist. Obs. in Eng. exc. dial. See also Wrest, n.2 [rist]

I. n. 1. The mould-board of a plough (Ayr. 1923 Wilson Dial. Burns 181; Abd., m.Sc. 1968); see 1951 quot. Also in Eng. dial. Comb. reeshoe [ < reest-shoe], the sole-plate of a plough.Rxb. 1708 Stitchill Ct. Book (S.H.S.) 162:
One grot for 2 reists.
Ork. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 XVII. 228:
The plough which is in general used . . . has only one slender stilt, to which as slender a beam is fixed, and has neither reest nor mould-board.
Fif. 1845 Stat. Acc.2 IX. 609:
The plough itself was a rude instrument nine or ten feet long, all made of wood except the culter, sock and “reeshoe”
Uls. 1951 E. E. Evans Mourne Country 117:
To the straight wooden mould-board a tapered block of wood, the “reest ”, 3 ft. long is attached with dowels.

II. v. To tilt the plough to the right in ploughing, i.e. on the mould-board side with the right stilt lower than the left (Arg.1 1937; Per., Lth., Lnk. 1968). Vbl.n. reestin.

[O.E. rēost, the share-beam of a plough. Cf. Ger. rist, ploughshare, Sw. rist, a coulter.]

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"Reest n.3, v.3". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 29 Sep 2023 <>



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