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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1968 (SND Vol. VII). Includes material from the 2005 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

PLANT, n., v. Also plent (Sc. 1943 Scots Mag. (Sept.) 437), plaint. Dim. plantie (Ags. 1818 W. Gardiner Poems 17). Sc. forms and usages:

I. n. 1. As in Eng. Deriv. ¶plantry, a garden, ornamental grounds.Edb. 1791 J. Learmont Poems 182:
Your squads o' party-colour'd gentry, Are payed weel to toom your pantry, . . . Yet sober fock wha busk your plantry Are lookit owr.

Combs.: (1) plant-cot, = (2) (Cai. 1903 E.D.D.); (2) planti(e)-cruive, -cru(ie), -crew, -crub, -crob, -krob(b), planta-, -y, a small walled enclosure, gen. either circular or square, freq. set on a piece of open ground or moorland in Sh. and Ork. and used for rearing seedlings under protected conditions (Sh., Ork. 1866 Edm. Gl., plant-a-cruive; Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928), planti-krobb, -kro, 1914 Angus Gl., planti-krub; Ork. 1929 Marw.; ‡Sh., Ork. 1966). Also attrib. See also Cruive; (3) plant taft, = (2). See also Taft.(2) Ork. 1806 P. Neill Tour 23:
Upon the shores of Stronsa I first saw the small inclosures for raising cabbage-plants called planty-cruies. They are merely little square penns, or bughts, inclosed by a drystone wall.
Sh. 1814 Lockhart Scott xxviii.:
Any person, without exception (if I understand rightly), who wishes to raise a few kail, fixes upon any spot he pleases, encloses it with a dry stone wall, uses it as a kail-yard till he works out the sod, then deserts it and makes another. Some dozen of these little enclosures, about twenty or thirty feet square, are in sight at once. They are called planty-cruives.
Sh. 1869 J. T. Reid Art Rambles 42:
A few plantie-cruives — spots of ground protected from the wind and sea-spray by high walls, where the people rear their young cabbages.
Sh. 1888 Edmonston & Saxby Home of Naturalist 213:
He had to pass a plantiecrü, the favourite haunt of many Trows, and when he got there he saw a number of them going as if towards his house.
Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
A small cabbage-plant, not yet fit for taking up from the so-called “plantikrobb” to be planted in the vegetable garden.
Sh. 1947 Abd. Press & Jnl. (24 Sept.):
On the Shetland Mainland, which is stony and sterile compared with much of the Highlands, mostly all the crofters have their vegetable gardens and their “planticruives”, or walled enclosures, to protect the tender plants from the perpetual winds as they sprout.
Ork. 1951 R. Rendall Ork. Variants 14:
On tae the sandy noust, lies midway there An auld-time planticru, smothered aboot In weeds.
Ork. 1994 George Mackay Brown Beside the Ocean of Time 46:
When Thorfinn and his father neared home, there at the planticru wall stood Tina Lyde with a pot of rhubarb jam and a cherry cake for the table at Ingle.
(3) Cai. 1916 John o' Groat Jnl. (31 March):
The greater part of our crofts had their origin in the “plant taft” and “lazybed.” The plant taft was used for growing young cabbages.

II. v. 1. As in Eng. Hence plantin', planteen, (1) a young tree, a seedling, gen. as a collect. pl. Obs. in Eng. in 14th c.; (2) a small wood or grove of trees, a plantation (Abd., Arg. 1930; Bwk. 1942 Wettstein). Gen.Sc. Dim. plantinie (Abd. 1955 W. P. Milne Eppie Elrick ii.). Comb. craw-plantin, a rookery.(1) Abd. 1702 Rec. Old Abd. (S.C.) II. 159:
To James Jaffray for threety young plantin bought at Monimusk at 3/4 per piece.
Sc. 1725 Ramsay Gentle Shep. v. iii.:
Masons and Wrights shall roon my House repair, And bussy Gardners shall new Planting rear.
Abd. 1776 Abd. Journal (26 Feb.):
To be sold at Hatton. . . . A Parcel of young Ash Planting, from Twenty Pence to Two Shillings ster. per Hundred.
Bwk. 1794 A. Lowe Agric. Bwk. 51:
It is found that planting will not grow on any kind of soil on the summits of the hills, neither will it grow in moss.
(2) Sc. 1709 Fountainhall Decisions II. 506:
This is no wood, but the planting contigue to, and lying round about the mansion house, which the Lords never allow to be cut down.
Abd. 1795 Session Papers, Leslie v. Fraser (29 March 1805) 118:
He and the other fishers were desired to go through Fraserfield's braes and planting by the heritors, the overseers, or the heritors' agents.
Sc. 1815 Scots Mag. (Jan.) 27:
He folowed the robbers west, but lost sight of them in a strip of planting.
Sc. 1826 Scott Journal (29 Sept.):
I wrote five pages, nearly a double task, yet wandered for three hours, axe in hand, superintending the thinning of the home planting.
Mry. 1873 J. Brown Round Table Club 257:
I thocht a wud wis a plantin'.
Dmf. 1874 R. Wanlock Moorland Rhymes 46:
That nicht beside the plantin' yett.
Ayr. 1887 J. Service Dr. Duguid 130:
The wind was soughing eeriely through the plantin'.
Rxb. 1925 E. C. Smith Mang Howes 2:
A sterteet neice an cannie on the brae up atween the planteens.
wm.Sc. 1945 T. Hanlin Lifetime v.:
“We'll go up and see what's in the planting”, I said. Back from the sea was a cluster of trees and the ground went down into a kind of hollow.

2. Sc. Church usage: to provide (a church, parish, etc.) with (a) minister(s), to Place or Settle a minister in a charge. Hence planting, plantation, the act of doing this, the settlement of (a) minister(s) (w.Sc. 1741 A. M'Donald Galick Vocab. 177). Ppl.adj. planted, of a church, congregation or the like: supplied with a minister, settled.Sc. 1701 J. Brand Descr. Ork. (1883) 4:
For which end the General Assembly of this National Church moved with zeal for the Glory of God, hath travelled much since the late happy Revolution in planting the North of Scotland.
Sc. 1703 R. Wodrow Early Letters (S.H.S.) 268:
I perswade my self that that parish will be planted with one that will be far more usefull to them.
Sc. 1707 W. Steuart Church Law i. xv. 34:
The commission of Parliament for plantation of kirks, or Lords of Session.
Lnk. 1709 Minutes J.P.s (S.H.S.) 72:
Robert Lang, minister of the Gospell plainted att the kirk of Craufoordjohn.
Ayr. 1743 Ayr Presb. Reg. MS. (23 Nov.):
The Moderator is appointed to write letters to the several heretors . . . anent their being at due pains to have the paroch planted with a minister.
Sc. 1845 Stat. Acc. I. 561:
After the Reformation, it was long in being planted, in consequence, it is believed, of the benefice being appropriated by the crown.
Sc. 1886 A. Edgar Old Church Life 294:
In those days, ministers were both planted and plucked up by the Church courts, as was deemed best for the interest of the Church at large.

3. In carpentry: to attach or lay in a piece of moulding (see quot.). Gen.Sc. Hence double-planted, having inlaid mouldings on two sides.Gsw. 1707 Burgh Records of Glasgow 1908 App (668) :
Making a large mortification brod to the session house of 3 divisions and furnishing nails to plant on the rolls.
Sc. 1869 J. C. Morton Cycl. Agric. II. 153:
When a moulding is formed on the edge of a piece of framing, it is said to be stuck, and when formed on a separate piece of stuff, and attached to the part of the framing it is meant to ornament, it is said to be laid in or planted.
Rnf. 1904 Private MS. (per wm.Sc.1):
2 bound doors Double Planted with furnishing complete . . . £3.

[O.Sc. plant (kirks), 1563, plantation (of kirks), 1607, planting, young trees, 1559, a copse, 1640, plent, 1603.]

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"Plant n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 4 Mar 2024 <>



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