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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1960 (SND Vol. V). Includes material from the 1976 and 2005 supplements.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

HYNE, adv., n. Also hyn, hin(e), †hynd(e), ‡hind, ¶hoyne (Abd. 1925 A. Murison Rosehearty Rhymes 8); ¶heen. Also quasi-dim. ne.Sc. form hindie(s), gen. in children's usage (Abd. 1940 C. Gavin Hostile Shore iii., Abd. 1957). See -Die. [həɪn]

I. adv. 1. Of place: hence, away, far (off), at a distance (Sc. 1710 T. Ruddiman Gl. to Douglas Aeneis, hyne; Rnf.1 c.1920; Ork. 1922 J. Firth Reminisc. 152; Ork., ne.Sc., m.Lth. 1957).Sc. 1724 Ramsay T.-T. Misc. 160:
Far hind out o'er the lee, Fou snug in a glen, where nane cou'd see.
Kcb. 1789 D. Davidson Seasons 5:
Far 'hind unto his nest [he flies] and, 'fore his mate, Lays the delicious meltit.
Sc. 1800 Fair Mary of Wallington in Child Ballads No. 91. iii.:
And a' was for her Ladie Maisry, To take her hyne and hyne.
ne.Sc. 1836 J. Grant Tales 62:
I lichtet o' the croon o' my head hynd oot owre amo' the stanes.
Ags. 1894 People's Friend (27 Aug.):
A' thing is as well as could be, save maybe the fields hind by Afflochy.
Bnff. 1907 Banffshire Jnl. (22 Sept. 1953):
They nott a thirdsman an' hid hyne tae Turra tae sen' for 'im.
ne.Sc. 1922 P. Macgillivray Bog Myrtle 47:
It's just yer eident workin' wit That drives ye hyne an' thither.
Abd. 1950 Banffshire Jnl. (1 Aug.):
I lookit for a fine saft mossy bank, fan I wis hindie up, tae come canny doon and licht on.

2. Of time: far on, late (ne.Sc. 1957).Bnff. 1927 E. S. Rae Hansel fae Hame 50:
It's hine in the day — he's hiein' for hame.

3. Combs. and Phrs.: (1) hine awa', far away, at a great distance (Ags. 1808 Jam., hyne; Ork., ne.Sc., Ags. (hind), m.Lth. 1957); also used adj. = distant; (2) hyne till (to), as far as (Abd. 1825 Jam.); (3) hynd-wynd, straight forward, directly. See Wynd.(1) Edb. 1773 Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) II. 88:
But hyn awa' to Edinbrough scoured she To get a making o' her fav'rite tea.
Abd. 1826 D. Anderson Poems 29:
Since the broolzie o' Waterloo, An' Bony was banish'd hyne awa.
Abd. 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xlix.:
There's to be nae mair ca'in awa' to hyne awa' kirks.
Ork. 1920 H. Campbell Island Folk Song 8:
It seemed tae me The warld war big, and a' we say O wir neighbours' faults seems hinaway.
Abd. 1938 Weekly Scotsman (1 Jan.) 2:
To hyne-awa' days, fond memories cling.
ne.Sc. 1982 Alastair Mackie in Hamish Brown Poems of the Scottish Hills 66:
The bens camp by the road-side
I see their tents pitcht forby
on the sky-line hyne awa.
Ags. 1988 Raymond Vettese The Richt Noise 64:
the bairns that gied ye sic pains
werena born tae dee sae eithly. C'wa
an' dance wi us or nicht's hyne-awa!
Dundee 2000 Ellie McDonald Pathfinder 6:
An we wir hyne awa
afore the polis hut the broken gless.
(3) Rxb. 1825 Jam.:
He went hynd-wynd to the apples, just after I forbade him.

II. n. Departure. Only in phr. (a) merry hyne to ye, = go to the devil and a good riddance to you. Also merry ma hyne to ye, id. (Abd.30 1957).Abd. 1825 Jam.:
A merry hyne to ye, is a mode of bidding good b'ye to one, when the speaker is in a ill humour; as equivalent to “Pack off with you.”
Abd. 1926 Abd. Univ. Review (March) 114:
Ye can waid oot o' this yoursel' or 'an droon. Merry hin' tae ye.

[O.Sc. hyne, hence, away, from 1375, North.Mid.Eng. hyne, contracted from an earlier hethen, O.N. heðan, hence, with assimilation of the vowel to Syne ( < O.N. siðan). The form hind is due to confusion with hind s.v. Hint.]

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"Hyne adv., n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 May 2024 <>



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