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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1960 (SND Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

HAP, int., n.3, v.3 Also happ, ¶hape, hep, haap, haup, hawp. Cf. Hup.

I. int., n. A call to an animal in harness: 1. to turn to the right (Bwk. 1809 R. Kerr Agric. Bwk. 503; Sc. 1825 Jam., ha(u)p, 1844 H. Stephens Bk. Farm I. 622), used gen. to horses when ploughing. Also hap aff (Uls. 1880 Patterson Gl.); 2. to increase speed, gee-up!1. Abd. c.1800 Sc. N. & Q. (1900) 184:
“Wyn” was addressed to oxen when the driver wished them to come towards him, the opposite being “hep off” or “haup.”
Bwk. 1809 J. Kerr Agric. Bwk. 503:
Carters employed hap and wind in ordering them to either side.
Lnk. 1853 W. Watson Poems 25:
An' by their answerin' our ca' — Hap, wyne, wo back or step awa.
Ayr. 1855 H. Ainslie Poems 59:
Just gies his naigs a hap or gee.
2. s.Sc. 1838 Wilson's Tales of the Borders V. 13:
Hap, Bassie! hap! And, smacking his whip the horse increased its speed.

II. v. Of horses or cattle in harness: to turn towards the right (Sc. 1808 Jam., haup; Slg. 1949). Sometimes of the driver: to command to turn to the right. Also used fig.Peb. 1817 R. Brown Lintoun Green i. xvi.:
Next, staring Stanhope, t' hap and gee!
Lth. 1829 G. Robertson Recoll. 163:
The . . . word of command, used in the Lothians to the horse . . . was thus: hawp, to hold off, or to the right.

Phrs.: to hap and (or) wynd, of harnessed animals: to turn to right and (or) left; of a ploughman: to make them do so, hence to plough a whole rig by gaitherin and skailin. Also fig., to be compliant with another's wishes, fall in with another's point of view (Sc. 1825 Jam., haup or wynd; Wgt. 1956), freq. in neg. sentences.Abd. 1723 W. Meston Poet. Wks. (1767) 16:
But he could make them turn or veer, And hap or wynd them by the ear.
Ags. 1790 D. Morison Poems 79:
How bless'd is he that to his mind Has got a wifie . . . That to his wish will hape or winde, Soothing each care.
Sc. 1794 Scott Letters (Cent. ed.) I. 36:
Queen Mab [a mare] . . . in carters phrase would neither hap nor wynd till she got rid of him.
Rnf. 1835 D. Webster Rhymes 106:
Nor staggering to hap or wynd, Like a lame horse.
s.Sc. 1839 Wilson's Tales of the Borders V. 234:
Ye'll neither hap nor wyn — neither dance nor haud the cannle.
Ayr. 1866 Trans. Highl. Soc. 80:
Farmers, as a rule, will not readily “happ and wyenn” in any direction save that which pleases themselves.
Kcb. a.1902 Gallovidian No. 59. 108:
Dinna sotter in Their waesome plicht wha happ and wyne wi' sin.

[Imit. of the call, ? from ha! or hau(d) + up.]

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"Hap interj., n.3, v.3". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Apr 2024 <>



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