Show Search Results Show Browse

Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology

Abbreviations Cite this entry

About this entry:
First published 1960 (SND Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

HAP, v.2, n.2 Also haap (Per. 1819 J. Duff Poems 133; Sc. 1825 Jam.), haup, hawp. Cf. Hip, v.1, n.2 See P.L.D. § 54.

I. v. Pa.t. and pa.p. happit, hapt, hapet, happed.

1. To hop, jump (Cai., Kcd., Ags., Slg., Gsw., Uls. 1956); to walk with a limp (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Ags., Uls. 1956); also fig. Hence vbl.n. happin, “a trailing, ungainly walk” (Abd.19 1930).Sc. 1700 Culloden Papers (1815) 27:
Corserig naked, with a Child under his Oxter, happing for his lyffe.
Sc. 1728 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) II. 40:
Master Monky with an air Hapt out, and thus harangu'd the Fair.
Ayr. 1786 Burns A Winter Night iv.:
Ilk happing bird — wee, helpless thing!
s.Sc. 1793 T. Scott Poems 359:
Clocks and paddocks roun' him hapet.
Sc. 1824 Scott St Ronan's W. viii.:
A poacher may just jink ye back and forward like a flea in a blanket, (wi' pardon) — hap ye out of ae country and into anither at their pleasure, like pyots.
Sc. 1827 G. R. Kinloch Ballads 19:
He cam hauping on ae foot.
Abd. 1865 G. Macdonald Alec Forbes iii.:
An' it [a leg] wad come happin' ower the Paceefic, or the Atlantic, to jine its oreeginal stump — wad it no?
Ags. 1882 Brechin Advertiser (7 March) 3:
At times my muse may hotch and haap.
Gsw. 1910 H. Maclaine My Frien' 20:
The new fashion's to hap on the electric caur.
Lth. 1928 S. A. Robertson With Double Tongue 46:
When Sandie set a girn, the very shilfas seemed to ken That the hair-loops wadna grip them, tho' they happed frae en' to en'.

2. Of tears etc.: to trickle, drop down in quick succession.Sc. 1721 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 166:
Now Nereus rising frae his watry Bed, The Pearly Drops hap down his lyart Head.
Sc. 1757 Smollett Reprisal (1786) i. ii.:
It made my heart wae, to see the saut brine come happing o'er her winsome cheeks.
Ayr. 1788 Burns To H. Parker 22:
While tears hap o'er her auld brown nose!
Slk. 1852 Hogg Songs & Ballads 79:
Till tears cam happing like rain.
Kcb. 1895 Crockett Bog-Myrtle 174:
Wi' the water happin' off her cheeks, like hail in a simmer thunder-shoo'er.

3. To plash, bob up and down.Ayr. 1823 Galt R. Gilhaize II. xxxi.:
We came to a mill that stood in the hollow of the glen, the wheel whereof was happing in the water with a pleasant and peaceful din.

4. To miss, pass over, to skip (n.Sc. 1808 Jam., hap). Cf. Hip, v.1, 2., id.

5. Combs. and Phrs.: (1) hap i' my thoomb, hop o' my thumb, a small person; (2) hap-the-beds, the game of hopscotch (Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 253; ‡Rnf., Gall., Dmf. 1956). Cf. Beds, id.; (3) happin-cavie, “a boy's game in which the players from opposite bases or cavies hop singly against a single opponent and by pushing with their hands against the other's hands try to knock their opponents off their balance” (w.Lth. 1947). Cf. (5); (4) happin' deil, ? = (5); (5) happin Toby, see quot.; (6) hoppin beds (Abd. 1926 Buchan Observer (23 April); Fif. 1956), — beddies (Abd. 1956) = (2); (7) hoppin Cherlie, a hopping game, ? = (5).(1) em.Sc. 1898 H. Rogers Meggotsbrae 77:
She was a bit wee hap-i'-my-thoomb o' a cratur.
(3) w.Lth. 1894 A. M. Bisset He's no Born Yet iii.:
He never glooms nor greets Nor plays at happin-cavie.
(4) Hdg. 1876 J. Teenan Songs 54:
Great in the imitation hunt, The ba', or happin' deil.
(5) Ags.20 1955:
Happin Toby. The game of hopping on one foot and trying to upset another by bumping into him.
(7) Gsw. 1948 Glasgow Herald (13 Sept.):
In one form or another the present generation doubtless play Barleydoor, Birds, Beasts, and Fishes, and Hoppin' Cherlie.

II. n. A hop, dance. Dim. happie.Sc. 1716 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 68:
Then for a Hap to shaw their Brands, They did their Minstrel bring.
Sc. 1806 R. Jamieson Ballads I. 313:
They danced as weel as they dow'd Wi' a knack o' their thumbs and a happie.
Lnk. 1877 W. McHutchison Poems 52:
[A craw] close tae my side cam wi' a hap.
Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond My Man Sandy (1899) xviii.:
He up wi' his niv an' took a hawp forrit.
ne.Sc. 1953 Mearns Leader (25 Dec.):
He kwid see his booler furl away ben the causeway, gie twa licht-heartit haps.

III. Phrs.: 1. hap and sten, = 2.; 2. hap, stap (and) lowp, — fling, — jump (Uls. 1956), used as a n., of the game (Ayr. 1789 D. Sillar Poems 40; Sc. 1808 Jam.; ‡Arg.1 1931; Cai., Ags., Slg., Fif., Peb., Ayr. 1956), also as v., adj., adv. as in the Eng. phr. hop, step and jump.1. Kcb. 1789 D. Davidson Seasons 35:
Baith, wi' a brainge Sprang, hap an' sten out owre a nettle An' cry'd, “Revenge.”
2. Sc. 1721 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 188:
Frae Chiels that sing Hap, Stap and Lowp.
Ayr. 1786 Burns Holy Fair iii.:
The third cam up, hap-step-an' loup, As light as ony lambie.
Sc. 1826 Wilson Noctes Amb. (1855) I. 180:
Sic a lang-backed, short-thee'd . . . hap-and-stap-jump o' a bouncin body.
Slk. a.1835 Hogg Tales (1876) 281:
O that you would leave off the vulgar pursuits of the quoits, and pitch the bar, and hap, step, and loup.
Edb. 1840 Whistle-Binkie (Ser. 2) 116:
Wha dares to brave the piercing sting O' Scotia's thistle, Soon scamper aff, hap stap an' fling, Wi' couring fustle.
Fif. 1864 W. D. Latto T. Bodkin v.:
I wad juist skip ower my adventures between the cradle an' the schule in a hap-stap-an'-loup sort o' style.
Kcb. 1897 T. Murray Frae the Heather 34:
To cheer him, in hap-step-and-loup Their wee hearts ne'er seem larger, O.
Edb. 1928 A. D. Mackie Poems 23:
Hap step and lowp she was doon the dell.
ne.Sc. 1954 Bon Accord (28 July):
So aff I set at a kine o' hap, step an' loup.

[O.Sc. hap, v., id., from 1558, hop, from c.1470.]

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Hap v.2, n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 Jun 2024 <>



Hide Advanced Search

Browse SND: