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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1956 (SND Vol. IV). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

FOLD, n. A herd, gen. 12 in number, of Highland cows used for breeding (Arg. 1948).Sc. c.1750 Young Chevalier 63:
For his Encouragement every Person possessed of a Fold of Cows paid him a Gratuity, which was called Black Meal.
Rs. 1844 in W. Youatt Cattle 98:
The establishment necessary for a breeding fold of cows is generally composed of an experienced principal herdsman, known by the name of the “Bowman.”
Inv. 1845 Stat. Acc.2 XIV. 350:
There are only two of the gentlemen who retain what is called a fold of cows.
Highl. 1951 Scotsman (1 March):
Achnacloich Fold Sets Price Record Again. 650 Gns Paid for Highland Heifer at Oban. Purchaser was Lady MacRobert of Douneside and Cromar, Aberdeenshire, who started a Highland fold in that county.

[An extended use of Eng. fold, an enclosure for animals. Cf. Fauld, n.2, v.2]

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"Fold n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 2 Oct 2023 <>



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