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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1941 (SND Vol. II). Includes material from the 2005 supplement.
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

CLAMP, n.1, v.1 Also found in Eng. dial. (E.D.D.).

1. n. A small stack of peats or turf; “a potato pit” (Ags.17 1938; Fif.1 1940). Known to Bnff.2, Abd.2, Slg.3 1940. N.E.D., Concise, and Un. Eng. Dicts. enter as Eng., but Webster as chiefly dial.Eng. Given in E.D.D. for Ir. and 1988 W. A. D. and D. Riach A Galloway Glossary :
clamp, clump an uncovered pile of potatoes.
Uls. 1880 W. H. Patterson Gl. Ant. and Dwn.:
When turfs or peats are “put out,” they are left for some time to dry. . . . After some time these . . . are put into “clamps,” in which they remain until they are sufficiently dry to be removed from the bog.

Comb.: clamp-kiln, a kiln for burning lime-stone, “built round, or oblong, with sods and earth” (Clc. 1795 J. F. Erskine Gen. View Agric. Clc. 36, Footnote).Ib.:
The farmers generally prefer bringing up the [lime] stones, and burning them in clamp-kilns, on, or near those fields that they intend to lime.

2. v. “To pile up turf; to heap up potatoes or turnips in a mound” (Sc. 1905 E.D.D. Suppl.).

[Prob. a variant of Eng. clump. Cf. also Du. klamp, a heap.]

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"Clamp n.1, v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 10 Dec 2022 <>



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