Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
WADMAL, n. Also -mall, -maal, -mel(l), -male, -mail, -meal, -mi(e)l; wodmell, -meal, woodmail, -mill; and hist. forms vadmal, -mel, -mell (Ork. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 XIV. 326), vademel (Sh. 1879 G. Low Tour 143). A kind of coarse woollen homespun cloth woven in Shetland and Orkney, and formerly used as part-payment of Skatt. Now only hist. [′wɑdməl]
Sh. 1733 T. Gifford Hist. Descr. (1879) 54:
The scat yearly payable thereout in butter, fish, oil, and a sort of very coarse cloth called wadmill. Sh. c.1772 A. C. O'Dell Hist. Geog. Sh. 241:
This Woodmill, at what time is not certain, was converted and reduced to a money payment at the rate of 4/- Scots for one Cuttle or 24/- for one guilding. Ork. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 XIV. 326:
The old men and women still continue to wear good strong black clothes without dying, called by the ancient Norse, vadmell. Sc. 1822 Scott Pirate v.:
Her upper garment, which dropped with water, was of a coarse dark-coloured stuff, called wadmaal. Sh. a.1838 Jam. MSS. XII. 143:
A merk of land was originally of definite though not of uniform extent; the superficial measure being regulated in each case by the quality of the soil. It contained as much land as was estimated to be worth a mark of Wadmail. Sh. 1871 R. Cowie Shetland 164:
The native dyes are said to have been extensively used in colouring wadmel. Sh. 1899 J. Spence Folk-Lore 195:
The women were occupied carding and spinning wool, although the manufacture of wadmil had long ceased. Sh. 1918 T. Manson Peat Comm. 148:
Fower men guid ta da woman's hoose wi a lent o wadmil, an pat her up on da aeshins.
You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.
"Wadmal n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jul 2020 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/wadmal>
Try an Advanced Search