Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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USE, n., v. Also Sc. forms uise (Rxb. 1927 E. C. Smith Braid Haaick 23), üse (m.Sc. 1917 J. Buchan Poems 26), yuise (Slk. 1899 C. M. Thomson Drummeldale 2; Ags. 1945 S. A. Duncan Chronicles Mary Ann 9), ös (Sh. 1901 Shetland News (5 Jan.)); ¶yuhse (Rxb. 1912 Jedburgh Gazette (19 July)); the distinction between the voicing of the sibilant in the v. and the unvoicing in the n. and the consequent alteration in the vowel is freq. indicated by variations in spelling, as n., üs (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.), (y)uice (Rxb. 1927 E. C. Smith Braid Haaick 23), yise (Edb. 1895 J. Tweeddale Moff 205), yiss (wm.Sc. 1932 A. H. Charteris When the Scot Smiles 271), yis-; as v., üz (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.), uize (Rxb. 1927 E. C. Smith Braid Haaick 26), yaise (Rnf. 1920 J. Donald Greenock Charact. 68; Edb. 1928 A. Mackie In Two Tongues 23; Rxb. 1965 Hawick Express (7 July) 4; Ags. 1970 Dundee Courier (10 Dec.)), yaize, yase (Ags. 1964 D. Phillips Hud Yer Tongue 34), oese, oose (Sh. 1949 J. Gray Lowrie 34, 156). See P.L.D. § 35. For nm. and ne.Sc. forms see Eese, n., v., Yeese. [n. jøs, jus, jɪs; v. jø:z, jy:z, je:z, Sh. øz. Used to with the inf. is ′jɪste]

Sc. usages: I. n. 1. A part of a sermon or homily devoted to the practical application of a doctrine, a specific precept drawn from a general theological principle. Obs. in Eng. Lnk. 1806 J. Black Falls of Clyde 224:
The old sermons consisted of a number of heads, after which follow the uses, or what we now call the application.
Sc. 1816 Scott O. Mortality xviii.:
The discourse was divided into fifteen heads, each of which was garnished with seven uses of application.

2. Need, occasion, reason, followed by for, to (I.Sc., Cai., Ags. 1973). Obs. in Eng. Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 32:
I had na use to gang Unto the glens to herd, this many a lang.
Rxb. 1826 A. Scott Poems 39:
The warld will still have use for you and me.
Sc. 1852 Tait's Mag. (July) 349:
Ye're before your time; ye had no use to come before harvest.
Sc. 1854 H. Miller Schools vii.:
There was no use, they said, for being in the Devil's Cave so late.
Fif. 1883 W. D. Latto Bodkin Papers iv.:
I was as near bein' rowed into a municipal contest as there was any use for.

3. As in Eng.: custom, habit, practice. Sc. phrs.: †(1) as use is, as is customary; (2) to be in (the) use to (do something) or of (doing something), to be in the habit of (Sc. 1782 J. Sinclair Ob. Sc. Dial. 33). Rare and obs. in Eng.; (3) to gie one a bad uise, to show one a bad example (Rxb. 1925 E. C. Smith Braid Haaick 23); (4) use and wont, the usual practice and procedure in certain circumstances. Orig. and still chiefly Sc. Also attrib. (1) Fif. 1705 St Andrews Baxter Bks. 153:
Who being presentt Accepted of the said office & made faith as use is.
(2) Sc. 1723 W. Macfarlane Geog. Coll. (S.H.S.) I. 394:
These Friars being in use to carry the mass book in their bosomes.
Sc. 1733 A. Morgan Univ. Edb. (1937) 226:
Diplomas are in use to be signed.
Abd. 1747 Burgh Rec. Abd. (B.R.S.) 386:
The Croun has been in use of presenting . . . ministers.
Edb. 1773 Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) 84:
Lang had the thristles an' the dockans been In use to wag their taps upo' the green.
Sc. 1818 Scott H. Midlothian xxi.:
The Sheriff is in the use whiles to cry me in to witness the declarations.
(4) Bnff. c.1702 Ann. Bnff. (S.C.) I. 171:
The Courts be keeped weeklie conform to use and wount.
Wgt. 1712 Session Rec. Kirkinner MS. (6 April):
William McHaffie, who is to have for his trouble all use and wont.
Rxb. 1825 R. Wilson Hist. Hawick 190:
This tax . . . by the Law of ‘use and wont' . . . has become part and parcel of the system.
Sc. 1845 Carlyle Cromwell II. 277:
Constitutional Presbyterian persons, Use-and-wont Neuters.
Abd. 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xxxv.:
They fixed it as the use and wont is, for a week day.

II. v. 1. To make (someone) familiar with, to habituate, accustom, with †in, and, most commonly, wi. Freq. in ppl.adj. used, accustomed, familiar, practised. Gen.Sc. See also Eese, v. Sc. 1713 R. Wodrow Analecta (M.C.) II. 151:
They wer not much used with hearing of Psalmes sung.
Sc. 1758 Dunlop Papers (1953) III. 103:
I am so little used with bad health.
Ayr. 1784 Burns Ep. J. Rankine ix.:
Some auld, us'd hands had taen a note.
Sc. 1824 Scott St Ronan's W. iii.:
He was an auld used hand.
Sc. 1826 in Child Ballads (1956) IV. 98:
She took my gay lord frae my side, And used him in her company.
Sc. 1827 G. R. Kinloch Ballads 23:
Bring to me the linsey clouts, I hae been best used in.
Rnf. 1835 D. Webster Rhymes 115:
I had little been used wi' sic resolute foes.
Sc. 1887 Stevenson Underwoods 112:
Less üsed wi' guidin' horse-shoe airn Than steerin' crowdie.
Lnk. 1954 Bulletin (12 Feb.) 7:
I heard no complaints about noise at all. “Ye get used wi' it,” they said.
Dmf. 1958 Dmf. & Gall. Standard (14 June):
Young Man (24) wishes situation for dairy, 40–50 cows, used with milking machine.
Sc. 1966 Scotland's Mag. (March) 50:
Ye're no' yaized wi' the bar-fit.

2. intr. To become inured to, accustomed to (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.). Also with wi. Sc. 1836 Carlyle Letters to Youngest Sister (Copeland 1899) 56:
“You will use,” and get hefted to the place.
Sc. 1839 J. W. Carlyle New Letters (Carlyle 1903) I. 73:
Parting is one of the few hardships in this world which one does not “use to”.
Kcb. 1894 Crockett Raiders xxxiv.:
So soon does one use to the sight.
Rxb. 1927 E. C. Smith Braid Haaick 23:
Ee can uize wui a nail up eer fit, mun!

3. Pa.p. used, as in Eng. in specif. Sc. phr. used and wont, that is customary or usual, according to use and custom. Cf. I. 3. (4). Sc. 1711 W. Macfarlane Geneal. Coll. (S.H.S.) II. 338:
Paying yearly out of the Said Temples to St. John and his Minister the annual rent Usit and wont due to them ffurth whereof.
Sc. 1718 Nairne Peerage Evidence (1874) 34:
With the rights rents and services . . . used and wont.
Sc. 1814 Lockhart Scott xxviii.:
Paying the Scat, or Norwegian land-tax, and other duties to his lordship, used and wont.

[O.Sc. as use is, a.1400, use and wont, 1543, in use to, 1566, usit, accustomed, c.1480, usit and wount, 1510.]

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"Use n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 7 Jul 2020 <>



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