Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
TURNPIKE, n. Also turnpyke, -pike; and pseudo-Highl. form turnimspike (Sc. a.1779 D. Graham Works (1883) I. 263–4). Sc. forms and usage: a spiral staircase (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Cai., Slg., wm.Sc. 1973).
Sc. c.1700 Overture for Cleaning Streets (Pamphlet):
He will cause the whole Streets, Closes, Courts, and Turnpyks within Edinburgh to be paddeled and sweept clean every morning. Edb. 1726 Edb. Ev. Courant (17 Feb.):
Her Dwelling House, first stair above the Trone Kirk, Top of that Turn-pike. Sc. 1788 Scots Mag. (April) 163:
Turnpike here signifies a circular spiral staircase, leading to several apartments. Sc. 1817 Scott Rob Roy xxii.:
The turnkey, who, leaving the inner wicket unlocked behind him, led me up a turnpike. Kcb. 1900 Crockett Black Douglas xv.:
Upon the last step of the turnpike.
Combs. (1) turnpike fit, the foot of a turnpike-stair; (2) turnpike-stair (Sc. 1782 J. Sinclair Ob. Sc. Dial. 169). Now hist.
(1) Sc. a.1730 A. Pennecuik Collect. Sc. Poems (1787) 43:
In turnpike fits he darn'd himsell. (2) Sc. 1740 Scots Mag. (Oct.) 484:
Mr Mackenzie's wife was drawn backwards by the cuff of the neck down a narrow turnpike-stair. Edb. 1773 Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) II. 110:
Wi' her Joe in Turnpike Stair. Fif. 1807 J. Grierson Delineations St Andrews (1838) 93:
A new turnpike-stair erected in the steeple. Sc. 1818 Scott H. Midlothian xxvi.:
A half-circular turret, served as a case for a narrow turnpike-stair. Ayr. 1823 Galt Entail iii.:
An indistinct vision rises in our fancy of a large irregular whitewashed house, with a tall turnpike staircase. Sc. 1864 P. F. Tytler Hist. Scot. III. 220:
The bed-chamber communicated by a secret turnpike stair with the king's apartment below. Wgt. 1875 W. McIlwraith Guide Wgt. 80:
A turnpike-stair leads from the ground flat to the upper apartment.
You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.
"Turnpike n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Aug 2020 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/turnpike>
Try an Advanced Search