Show Search Results Show Browse

Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology

Abbreviations & symbols Cite this entry

About this entry:
First published 1974 (SND Vol. IX).

THRAE, adj., v. Also trae, tray (Ork.), trey (Sh.). [θre; I.Sc., †Gall. tre. See T, letter, 3., 9.]

I. adj. Backward, reluctant, unwilling (Per. 1825 Jam.; Kcb.4 1900); obstinate, stubborn, perverse, intractable (Ork. 1845 Stat. Acc.2 XV. 96, tray; Sh. 1914 Angus Gl., trey; Ork. 1929 Marw.); shy, reserved, aloof and dry in manner (Rnf. c.1850 Crawfurd MSS. (N.L.S.) T. 113). Also adv. Comb. tray-sitten, lazy, stupefied, loath to move from weariness or inertia (Ork. 1845 Stat. Acc.2 XV. 96, 1929 Marw.).Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 452:
A boy who is trae to learn, is stiff to learn and will teach himself.
Ork. 1880 Dennison Sketch-Bk. 126:
'Twas drich i' tellin', tray begun.

II. v. intr. To suffer from a slow or serious and apparently incurable illness, to linger, esp. of an animal, to continue in a half-lifeless state; tr. to kill in a slow lingering way, as a cat with a mouse (Ork. 1972).Ork. 1929 Marw.:
The puir ting was just lyan trayan when I fond it, so I pot it oot o' pain.

[O.Sc. thra, stubborn, unyielding, 1375, perverse, c.1560, Mid.Eng. thra, thro, id., O.N. þrár, obstinate, persistent. The v. is an extended usage of the adj., cf. esp. tray-sitten.]

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Thrae adj., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 May 2022 <>



Hide Advanced Search

Browse SND: