Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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SUD, v. Also sude (Kcd. 1796 J. Burness Thrummy Cap (1819) 82; Sc. 1818 S. Ferrier Marriage xl.: Gall. a.1897 Rab Ringan's Plewman Cracks 11); sood (s.Sc. 1873 Murray D.S.C.S. 216; Gsw. 1877 A. G. Murdoch Laird's Lykewake 82, Edb. 1895 J. Tweeddale Moff 202, Fif., Lth. 1926 Wilson Cent. Scot. 265, Sh. 1933 J. Nicolson Hentilagets 13; Rxb. 1942 Zai); soud (Sc. 1724 Ramsay T.-T. Misc. (1876) I. 205; Rnf. 1788 E. Picken Poems 19; Rxb. 1847 J. Halliday Rustic Bard 90; Dmf. 1920 J. L. Waugh Heroes 71; Sh. 1971); sould (Mry. 1830 T. D. Lauder Moray Floods (1873) 110; Edb. 1844 J. Ballantine Miller 48; s.Sc. 1873 Murray D.S.C.S. 216; Fif. 1896 D. S. Meldrum Grey Mantle 287); suld (Sc. 1815 Scott Guy M. xxxviii.; Crm. 1829 H. Miller Poems 75; m.Sc. 1927 J. Buchan Witch Wood vii.; Dmf. 1964 Dmf. Standard (18 July) 6); sid (Knr. 1813 J. Bruce The Farmer 9; Ags. 1894 A. Reid Songs 55, ne.Sc. 1971); suid (s.Sc. 1873 Murray D.S.C.S. 216; Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 269; ‡Bwk. 1942 Wettstein, Rxb. 1942 Zai); and, with influence from Eng., shud (Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 20; m.Lth. 1786 G. Robertson Har'st Rig (1801) 34; Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond B. Bowden (1922) 109), shid (Fif., Lth., Ayr. 1923–6 Wilson; Bnff. 1924 Swatches o' Hamespun 20; Ork. 1938 Scots Mag. (Aug.) 376; ne.Sc. 1971), shuid (Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 270). Sc. forms of Eng. should. Neg. forms sudna, etc., soodan (Sh. 1901 T. Ollason Mareel 42), and in comb. with Hae, sud(d)a, sidda, shudda. Hae is occas. omitted after sud (see Hae). [sud, sʌd, sød, sɪd, now somewhat obsol.; ʃud, ʃɪd. See etym. note.] Sc. usage: (1) in subordinate clauses in indirect statements to express past time. Obs. in Eng. exc. dial. In 1824 quot. from Wandering Willie's Tale, the indirect statement is appar. implicit, = “I believe, am told that . . .”, sim. in 1923 quot. = “Let me tell you that . . ., what do you think?” Wgt. 1714 Session Bk. Wgt. (19 Sept.):
Understanding that the said A. should have made use of means for abortion.
Abd. 1746 S.C. Misc. I. 387:
A ridiculous story is written from Dundee, that a hundred spies should be taken up at Aberdeen.
Sc. 1747 Lyon in Mourning (S.H.S.) II. 165:
[He] heard it rumoured that the Prince's hunting equipage should have fallen into the Duke of Cumberland's hands.
Sc. 1822 Scott F. Nigel xv.:
They had a braw sport in the presence last Friday, how ye suld have routed a young shopkeeper.
Sc. 1824 Redgauntlet Letter xi.:
An ostler-wife, they suld hae caa'd her Tibbie Faw.
Abd. 1923 Swatches o' Hamespun 68:
Annie's midder sud begin speirin aboot oor lassie's fowk. . . . Then the lassie sud tak sic a fit o' lauchin; she leuch, an' leuch. . . The young randy said she sud see me orderin Rob aboot.

(2) in indirect questions in past time. Obs. or arch. in Eng. Sc. 1892 Stevenson Wrecker vi.:
I had wearied my mind in vain to guess what should be under the tea-cosy.

[For s < sh, See S, letter, 1. (3). The [u] and [ø, ɪ] forms correspond to Mid.Eng. schulde, scholde respectively, with later shortening in both cases, esp. due to lack of stress.]

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"Sud v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 May 2021 <>



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