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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1974 (SND Vol. IX). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

STRUAN, n. A cake made from the various cereals grown on a farm, gen. oats, barley and rye, and baked with a special ritual on Michaelmas Eve. Comb. struan flag, a piece of surface turf on which the struan rested while baking. See also Saint. Gael. [′struən]Hebr. 1900 A. Carmichael Carmina Gadelica I. 200:
The women are engaged all night on baking “struan”. It should contain a peck of meal and should be baked in a lamb-skin. A struan flag, brought by the young men of the family from the moorland during the day, is set on edge before the fire, and the struan is set on edge against it. Three layers of a batter or cream, eggs and butter are laid on each side alternately.
Hebr. 1959 F. M. MacNeill Silver Bough I. 149:
In 1938, the author saw several Michaelmas struans on view at the Barra Games.

[Gael. srúan, id.]

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"Struan n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 Jul 2024 <>



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