Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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STORE, n., v. Sc. usages:

I. n. 1. As in †Eng., farm-stock reared or bought in for breeding or fattening. Sc. combs.: (1) store-ferm, -farm, a farm, gen. in the hills, on which sheep are reared and grazed (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; sm., s.Sc. 1971). Hence store-farmer, one who runs such a farm; (2) store-master, = store-farmer above (Sc. 1825 Jam.); (3) store-room, a sheep-farm. See Room, n.1, 7. (1) Arg. 1771 Caled. Mercury (18 March):
The lands [of Ardnamurchan] are also very proper for sheep store farms.
Sc. 1808 R. Forsyth Beauties Scot. V. 271:
The store-farmer, who rears the sheep.
Sc. 1848 J. Logan Gael. Gatherings 76:
The Store farmer now occupies the place of the very superior order of tenants called Tacksmen.
Sc. 1855 H. Stephens Bk. of Farm I. 241:
Much difference of opinion exists among store-farmers and shepherds on this point.
(2) Sc. 1732 T. Boston Crook in the Lot (1773) III. 138:
The store-master [waits] for what he calls year-time, when he draws in the produce of his flocks.
sm.Sc. 1766 Caled. Mercury (12 Feb.):
The Store-masters or Farmers and possessors of sheep grounds.
Dmf. 1797 R. Heron Scot. Described 47:
On the mountains the farmers are generally shepherds — or, as they call themselves, storemasters.
(3) Lnk. 1758 Session Papers, Porteous v. Maccaul (24 July) 1:
Allowing the Sheep to pasture on each other's Ground, which must frequently happen in contiguous Store-rooms of this kind.
Ayr. 1761 Edb. Mag. (Feb.) 62:
The parish is mostly mountainous, and consists of the following store-rooms.

2. The basis of old yeast from which a new supply is grown. Sc. 1700–3 Foulis Acct. Bk. (S.H.S.) 273, 335:
For store for the eall . . . 7s 0d. To bring store to the eall . . . 6s 0d.
Gsw. 1886 Sc. Bakers' Year Book (1948) 73:
The store was the quantity of mature barm that was planted in the fresh medium which had been prepared for growing new barm or yeast.

II. v. †1. To cover (land) with grazing animals, to stock with sheep. Abd. 1725 W. Macfarlane Geog. Coll. (S.H.S.) I. 103:
The Hill of Fair, stored with a great many weathers that stay in it summer and winter.

2. To keep (a breed or lineage) going, to reproduce (a stock of animals). Now obs. exc. in phr. to store the kin (and erron. kiln), to keep the human race in existence sc. by living on, fig. to survive, to keep going, to last out in gen., usually in neg. expressions (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 183; ne.Sc., Ags. 1971). See also Kin, Kill, n. Abd. 1880 G. Webster Crim. Officer 80:
The beggar wan on to the coonty police aifterhin, but of coorse didna store the kin' lang there either.
Abd. 1909 C. Murray Hamewith 90:
Content gin mony towmonds still we're left to store the kin.
Kcd. 1932 L. G. Gibbon Sunset Song (1937) 185:
She'd soon see the end of old Guthrie's silver. . . . It was plain that the quean wouldn't store the kiln long.

3. To win all the marbles in a game from (an opponent), to rook. Kcb. 1921 T.S.D.C.:
I stored him, I'm stored.

[O.Sc. stoir-master, stock-master, 1556, stoir-rowme, 1627.]

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"Store n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 22 Jan 2022 <>



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