Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
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First published 1976 (SND Vol. X, list of scientific terms with Scottish connections).
AITKEN. In combs. Aitken effect, the dust-free space observed immediately surrounding a heated object placed in a dusty or smoky atmosphere, an effect later applied to the thermal precipitator; Aitken nuclei, dust particles on which vapour condenses to form fogs and clouds, and which cause the colours of the sunset.
[From John Aitken (1839–1919), of Falkirk, F.R.S., engineer and meteorologist, who propounded these theories. See e.g. Philosoph. Trans. Royal Soc. London Ser. A. CCI. 551.]
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"Aitken ". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 29 Jun 2022 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/snd00089838>