Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

from 1976 supplement

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CLEEK, n.1 1. (1) Add quot.: Lnk. 1724 W. Grossart Shotts (1880) 65:
To James Young, smith, for six cleeks.

(5) Add: a rake in gen., a fire rake. Add quot.: Sc. 1903 Confectionery & Baking Craft (March 1947) 119:
“Clicks” are used to rake the clinkers off the chaffer.

(7) Add quot.: Gsw. 1842 Children in Mines Report (2) 356:
The putter need not go down before six o' clock, when the “cleet” [sic] or engine starts.

(11) Add quots.: Sc. 1704 Morison Decisions 15933:
She expressly said, she believed there was a cleick in it.
Fif. 1812 W. Ranken Poems 32:
Marching, wheeling, lefting, righting, Every cleek o' war they kent.

Add: (12) A hook used in drawing the yarn in a jacquard loom (Ayr. 1957); a kind of crochet hook used in the making of gloves, rugs, etc. Hence adj. cleeky, made with a cleek. Bnff. 865 R. Sim Old Keith 138:
It [a crochet hook] is only a showy improvement on the primitive and simple brass instrument with which herd boys and girls and other youngsters in former days to manufacture the comfortable piece of dress which they called very appropriately “Cleeky mittans”.

(13) A salmon net set in a curve in a river (see quot.). Fif. 1899 Session Cases (1898–9) 651:
The toot and haull net is attached near its outer end to an anchor in the river-bed. From the anchor the net is turned back towards the shore for about 18 or 20 yards, forming what is called the ‘hook’ or ‘cleek’.

(14) An iron-headed golf-club used to play short strokes or to get the ball out of rough ground. Gen.Sc., obsol. Hence combs. cleek-driving, -maker, -putting, -shot, -stroke. Sc. 1847 R. Chambers Poet. Remains (1883) 59–61:
One glorious cleek-stroke from the sand. . . . Dread sound of cleeks, which ever fall in vain.
Fif. 1857 H. B. Farnie Golfer's Manual 20:
The cleek or click . . . is also an iron club. but lighter than either of the others. It is used chiefly for driving the ball out of rough ground when elevation is not so much an object, and when no impediments surround and obstruct the lie which would demand a heavier club.
Sc. 1887 R. Chambers Golfing 19:
The head of the cleek, unlike that of the sand-iron, is straight in the face, and slopes backward.
Sc. 1891 J. G. McPherson Golf & Golfers 8, 24–5:
His brother's cleek-driving was brilliant . . . The approach shot which is between the full cleek shot and the wrist shot . . . The almost universal substitution of cleek-putting for the use of the wooden putter.

3. (5) Add quot.: Slk. c.1900 A. J. Paterson Mist from Yarrow 149:
The cleik in my back wudna let me lie still.

(6) Add quots.: Lnk. 1757 Session Papers, Petition R. Bogle (13 June) 18:
He has been Cleeksman at the Pursuer's Coal-works for some Years past.
Lnk. 1769 Session Papers, Farie v. MacVicar Contract 5:
The cleeksman of the coal-works at Rutherglen, and for the most part, over all that country, keeps the cleek and accompt of the colliers daily out-put of coals, and the sales, and the grieve comes at night, and takes up that accompt; and that where coals are drawn by windlasses, the custom is, that the man at one end of the windlass, keeps the accompt of out-put and sales, and the man at the other end of the windlass, applies the cleek for drawing out the coals.

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"Cleek n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2021 <>



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