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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1971 (SND Vol. VIII). Includes material from the 1976 and 2005 supplements.

SHOG, v., n. Also shogg, shogue, shoag, schog (Jam.); shoog; shoug, showg; shug and reduplic. form shug-shug; ¶shock-. Dim. shuggie, -y. [Sc. ʃog, ʃʌg; Fif. + ʃʌug, Inv., Mry., em.Sc. (b), s.Sc. + ʃug]

I. v. 1. tr. To shake, jolt, jog, push sharply, cause to swing or rock (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Per., Fif., Lth., Ayr. 1915–26 Wilson; Uls. 1953 Traynor). Also fig. Gen.Sc. Comb. shoggin-board, the board on which the grain falls after the sheaf has passed through the grain-shakers in a threshing machine, also in form shock-board. Cf. shaker s.v. Shak, v., 1. (1).Sc. a.1758 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) III. 341:
Corbredus Gald in feght unkend to tire Or Caractatus shogan Rome's Empire.
Ags. 1790 D. Morison Poems 47:
Ane does the cradle shogue.
Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 168:
It was hard to shog her heart.
Sc. 1858 Slight and Burn Farm Impl. 382:
The grain which is shaken out of the straw by the action of the straw-shakers, falls on to the shock or shogging-board.
Per. 1895 R. Ford Tayside Songs 170:
Shud mankind my faith aye shog.
Lnk. 1895 W. Stewart Lilts 43:
He's a kind o' acquaintance they never wad shog.
Dmf. 1905 J. L. Waugh Thornhill 201:
He “shugged” the end of his plaid over his left shoulder.
Sc. 1933 W. Soutar Seeds in the Wind 30:
The wind withoot a hishie Fitters in atween the fleurs an' shogs them.

2. intr. To sway, swing, rock from side to side, to wobble (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 149; Per., Fif., Lth., Ayr. 1915–26 Wilson; ne. and m.Sc. 1970). Also in dim. form shogie, shuggie, -y, (Slk. 1825 Jam.; Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Uls. 1953 Traynor), which may however be construed as a verbal use of n., 3.Sc. 1729 J. Brigs A Ballad i.:
Oh! our Kirk is shogan.
Sc. 1821 Bannockburn I. i.:
Cannily down the brae; dinna shog.
Peb. 1836 J. Affleck Poet. Wks. 62:
Ye fowls that sit upon a tree, And nightly shuggy.
m.Lth. 1842 Blackwood's Mag. (March) 304:
A fat clergyman waddling before her, she continued crying, “Eh! but he's fat — see how he shugs!”
Gsw. 1863 W. Miller Nursery Songs 15:
Wi' a kyte like a baillie's, shug-shugging afore him.
Ags. 1872 J. Kennedy Jock Craufurt 97:
Their heads gaen shoggin' like weigh-bauks.
Slk. 1889 T. Kennedy Poems 185:
To shuggy an' swing on the auld thorn tree.
Rxb. 1925 E. C. Smith Mang Howes 6:
Boondin bleithely on wui ma airms shuggiein lowce threh ma oxters.
ne.Sc. 1950 Scots Mag. (April) 58:
The boatie shoggin sairlie til it's like tae droon us aa.

Hence (1) shog-bog, shug-, a soft, watery bog, a quagmire (Sc. 1825 Jam.; Dmf. 1894 Trans. Dmf. and Gall. Antiq. Soc. 154; Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.). Also in reduced form sho(o)g (Watson); (2) shogie-bogie, adv., in a rocking manner, see-saw, used exclam. in a child's rhyme; (3) shoggin-boat, a swing-boat at a fair (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Kcd., Ags., Per., Rxb. 1970). Also in form shoog-boat (Ib.); (4) shoggie-shaggie, = (2); (5) schoggin-tow, a rope on which to swing, the rope of a child's swing (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 149).(1) Sc. 1933 W. Soutar Seeds in Wind 21:
Doun in a shog-bog Nickie-ben Heard the loud chitter o' the burds.
Ags. 1961 Scots Mag. (Nov.) 157:
The rush-beds and glaur of the Sidlaw lochans and “shog-bogs”.
(2) Ags. 1906 Rymour Club Misc. 52:
Shogie, bogie; Butter in a cogie.
(3) Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond Bawbee Bowden (1922) 139:
When they shuved doon his feet up cam' his heid, back an' fore juist like a shogin' boat.
Ags. 1921 A. S. Neill Carroty Broon xvii.:
He had three goes at the shogging boats.
Mry. 1968 Northern Scot (16 March) 9:
“Shoggin'-boats,” helter-skelters, merry-go-rounds, chair-o-planes.
(4) Ayr. 1912 G. Cunningham Verse 208:
Rock the creddle, rock, rock, rock, Shoogie-shaggie, ten o'clock.

3. To walk, drive or ride at a slow leisurely pace, to jog along, to go on one's way, to keep going, lit. and fig. (Uls. 1953 Traynor; Sh. 1970).Sc. 1719 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 132:
Be blyth, and let the Warld e'en shog As it thinks fit.
Abd. 1768 A. Ross Works (S.T.S.) 143:
But gin I wad shog about till a new spring.
Lnk. 1827 J. Watt Poems 9:
On fit I plasht through to Burnwin'. Gain'd the coach-tap, an' shugg'd on fine.
Sc. 1828 Scott F. M. Perth xvi.:
Night wears apace, will you be shogging?
Edb. 1828 D. M. Moir Mansie Wauch xxii.:
Shug-shugging away home, on his grey sheltie.
Knr. 1832 L. Barclay Poems 99:
Hame shuggin' east the way.
Hdg. 1892 J. Lumsden Sheep-Head 121:
O Linton! what wey sid it be That I frae thee maun shog awa'?
Abd. 1924 Swatches o' Hamespun 71:
Aw said ye're shoggin awa.

II. n. 1. A jog, jolt, shake, nudge (wm.Sc. 1880 Jam.; Per., Fif., Lth., Ayr. 1915–26 Wilson; Uls. 1953 Traynor; Sh., ne. and m.Sc. 1970). Also fig. Dim. shoggie.Sc. 1703 Particular Account of Several Earthquakes 3:
Two little Shogs of the Earth which they felt over and above the great one.
Sc. 1728 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) II. 43:
Thus thou, great King, hast by thy conqu'ring Paw, Gi'en Earth a Shog.
Ayr. 1785 Burns Address to Deil xvi.:
Ye cam to Paradise incog, . . . An' gied the infant warld a shog.
Edb. 1791 J. Learmont Poems 163:
They mean our throne to gie a shug.
Kcd. 1819 J. Burness Plays, etc. 292:
At ilka puff I stood aghast . . . Sic shougs an howds I never got.
Dmf. 1823 J. Kennedy Poems 100:
At every shog I felt the smart O' grief and pain.
Gsw. 1879 A. G. Murdoch Rhymes 81:
I roused up the wife wi' a shug.
Sc. 1889 Stevenson M. of Ballantrae iv.:
With this in my hand I will give him a shog.
Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond My Man Sandy (1899) 89:
The train gae a shoag juist at that meenit.
Bnff. 1936 Abd. Press and Jnl. (8 June):
She gied my he'rt a shog, For she smiled an' leukit roun'.
m.Sc. 1979 Ian Bowman in Joy Hendry Chapman 23-4 (1985) 41:
An' when they come shaughlin' doon ma lobby
they'll get a shog frae ma frien', the bobby.
The game's a bogey - but no' their game:
we'll gar them wish that they hadnae came.
Ags. 1988 Raymond Vettese The Richt Noise 57:
Nae mirligoes stacher the dancer birlin
joy-glaid aneath the licht o the moon;
he's daft, I doot, but he's set my harns dirlin
or I'm oot wi a lowp an' lauchin til a tune
I canna hear but sense, a michty swirlin,
ilka rissom gien a shog - the warl gaes roon.

Hence adj. shoggie -y, shaky, unsteady, wobbly (ne.Sc., Ags., Per., Ayr. 1970). Comb. shoggie-bog, a marsh, quagmire (Lnk., Dmf. 1970). See v., 2.Kcd. 1853 W. Jamie Emigrant's Family 66:
He hung his head out ower his rung, To stay his frame sae shoggy.
Ags. 1866 D. Mitchell Hist. Montrose 22:
The narrow shoggy scaffold at the top of the spire.
Abd. 1932 R. L. Cassie Scots Sangs 25:
The shoggie bog we'll full wi' fale.

2. A jogging, rocking movement, in quot. of an attempt to dance.Slg. 1788 R. Galloway Poems 93:
They had a fiddler at their lug, Where they might dance their fill When they did drink they made a shug.

3. The act or motion of swinging or rocking; a swinging-rope, a child's swing (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 149; Mry., Bnff., Kcd., Ags., Per. 1970), most freq. in dim. forms shog(g)ie, shuggie, shoogie, shougie, id. (Per., Fif., Lth., Ayr. 1915–26 Wilson; Bwk. 1942 Wettstein; Rxb. 1942 Zai; m. and s.Sc. 1970), also a see-saw (Ayr. 1923 Wilson D. Burns 184).Gsw. 1860 J. Young Poorhouse Lays 207:
Sin' ilka mither's dauted wean Has here a shoogy o' its ain.
Mry. 1889 T. L. Mason Rafford 22:
A small rickety loft, to which they say the “loons” delighted to go to get a “shoag”.
Slk. 1899 C. M. Thomson Drummeldale 46:
I'll gie ye a shoogie on a graund brainch I ken o'.
Sc. 1943 Scots Mag. (March) 435:
A rocking-horse, and the shog as a maid held me on its back.
Ags. 1955 People's Jnl. (19 Nov.):
We could swing happily on the “shog”.

Hence combs. (1) sho(o)gie-boat, shugy-, a swing-boat at a fair (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Bnff., em.Sc.(a), w.Lth., s.Sc. 1970); a boys' game, for which see 1965 quot.; (2) shoggy-shoo, -shew, -shue, -shou, shuggie-; shoogie-shoo (Arg. 1990s); shougie-, a see-saw, the game of see-saw, also as a v., and adv., or excl. to accompany a rocking motion (Bwk. a.1838 Jam. MSS. XII. 196, as v.; Ayr. 1928). Also in n. Eng. and Ir. dial.; a swing (Sc. 1825 Jam.; em.Sc.(a), wm.Sc., Kcb., s.Sc. 1970); a soft place in a bog (Uls. 1953 Traynor). See Shue. Agent n. shoogie-shooer.(1) Slk. 1892 W. M. Adamson Betty Blether 79:
Hobby-horses, shoogie-boats.
Rnf. 1965 T. E. Niven East Kilbride 265:
“Shoogy boats”, a game in which a couple of boys “hunkered” on each other's toes, joined arms and rocked alarmingly backwards and forwards.
Bnff. 1968 Banffshire Advert. (1 Aug.) 5:
Shogie boats an' merry-go-roon's.
(2) Sc. 1727 A. Pennecuik Poems (1787) 14:
Wow but he be an ill back friend At shuggie-shew.
Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 426:
The amusement of boys on the slackrope, riding and shoving one another in the curve of the rope; they recite this to the swings — ‘Shuggie Show, Druggie Draw, Haud the grup, ye canna fa'.'
Lnk. 1827 J. Watt Poems 55:
The wa's did shake like shuggie-shue.
wm.Sc. 1837 Laird of Logan 133:
The ladder is aye shoggy-shouing.
Edb. 1892 J. W. McLaren Sc. Poems 21:
Shouggie shou, shouggie shou! Hush-a-ba my dearie.
Ags. 1895 Brechin Advertiser (9 April) 3:
Life is but a shoogie-shoo . . . My he'rt gaed shoogie-shoo.
Kcb. 1899 Crockett Black Douglas xl.:
That unwieldy horseman swayed this way and that in the saddle. “Wha may ye be that comes shuggy-shooin' oot o' the bluidy city o' Edinburgh?”
Dmf. 1912 J. L. Waugh Cracks wi' R. Doo 3:
The best shoogie-shooer that ever spieled my yaird dyke.

4. Specif. of the motion of a jacquard-loom, and in combs. shug-cam, -reed, of parts of the loom which control this motion (Ayr. 1975).

[O.Sc. schogg, to shake, c.1500, a shaky state, 1596, shoggieshou, 1653, Mid.Eng. shogge, to shake, toss about, phs. related to M.L.Ger. schocken, to swing, quiver, with onomat. alteration.]

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"Shog v., n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 1 Oct 2022 <>



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