Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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SCOT, n. A native of Scotland, a Scotsman or -woman; orig. a member of a tribe that crossed from Ireland to Argyll in the late 5th c. and established a kingdom there which by conquest and amalgamation with the Picts and the Britons gradually extended its bounds, came to be called in Latin Scotia in the 10th c., and reached its present limits in the 12th c. Nonce dim. form Scotling, a young Scot, a Scottish child (Sc. 1787 J. Elphinston Propriety II. 106). Sc. 1721 J. Kelly Proverbs 153:
He was as hard with me, as if I had been the wild Scot of Galoway.
Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore (S.T.S.) 59:
She was that day as fremmit to it a' As the wild Scot that wins in Gallaway.
Ayr. 1793 Burns Scots wha Hae i.:
Scots, wha hae wi' Wallace bled, Scots, wham Bruce has aften led.
Sc. 1828 Scott F. M. Perth i. motto:
But where's the Scot that would the vaunt repay, And hail the puny Tiber for the Tay?
Sc. 1845 Stat. Acc.2 III. 118:
The Scots lay on the opposite side of the river in a ravine, thence called “Scots Hole”.
Sc. 1867 W. F. Skene Chrons. Picts lxxvii.:
As the race of the Scots in Britain became more extended, and their power more formidable, the territorial name would have a tendency to fix itself where the race had become most conspicuous. The name, under its Saxon form of Scotland, passed from Ireland to Britain in the beginning of the tenth century.
Sc. 1907 J. Watson Scot. in 18th C. 18:
The English regarded the Scots with contempt as barbarians, tempered by their dislike of their success as immigrants; and the Scots, fiercely jealous of their independence and afraid that they might be absorbed by the richer country, were morbidly suspicious of everything English.
Sc. 1962 S. Piggott Pre-Hist. Peoples 136:
The Scots of Argyll, whose ruler, Kenneth MacAlpin, became King of the Picts in the middle of the ninth century, were Goidelic speaking and of Irish origin.

Phrs. Scots and English, a boy's game (see quot. and phr. under Scots, II. 3.) (Sc. 1826 R. Chambers Pop. Rhymes 299). Sc. 1847 Ib. 264:
The boys first choose sides. . . . The parties, being at length formed, are separated by a real or imaginary line, and place at some distance behind them, in a heap, their coats, hats, etc. They stand opposite to each other the object being to make a successful incursion over the line into the enemy's country, and bring off part of the heap of clothes.

[O.E. Scottas, the Scots (of Ireland), from Lat. Scotti, Scoti, id., till the 9th c., though cf. Bede “Scoti qui Britanniam inhabitant”, i.e. the Scots of Argyll. O.E. Scotland is first applied in the modern sense in 933.]

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"Scot n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 28 Feb 2020 <>



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