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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1968 (SND Vol. VII).

RYBAT, n. Also rubet(t), rybit (Gsw. 1796 Burgh Rec. Gsw. (1914) 33), rybot (Sc. 1847 Tait's Mag. (Sept.) 616); ribbet, ribbit; rabbet, rabit (Knr. 1832 L. Barclay Poems 87; Fif. 1968); rebat (Fif. 1738 W. Stevenson Auchtertool (1908) 123), rebet, rebbet (Abd. 1779 Aberdeen Jnl. (14 June)), rebit(t) (Abd. 1715 Abd. Jnl. N. & Q. VII. 246; Bte. 1765 Rothesay T.C. Records (1935) II. 886), rebbit (m.Lth. 1757 Session Papers, Pringle v. Pringle (31 July 1764) 33, raibet (Edb. 1788 Session Papers, Andrew v. Annan (31 July) 2); and misreading rigbut. [′raebət, ′rebət] The reveal or side of the jamb of a door or window (Lth. 1825 Jam., s.v. arras; Sc. 1861 Stephens and Burn Farm Buildings 544, 1952 Builder (20 June) 943). Gen.Sc. Comb. rabbet-head, id. (Sc. 1830 J. Loudon Cottage Arch. § 282).Sc. 1710 Household Bk. Lady G. Baillie (S.H.S.) 26:
120 foot hewin lintells and rebets.
Ayr. 1720 Ayr Presb. Reg. MS. (1 June):
Wining & leading of a lintell, with rybetts for the door.
Slg. 1757 Session Papers, Wallace v. Morrison, State of Process (18 Nov.) 67:
There is a high-way, upon which there is cheeks built with hewn rig buts [sic], as if it had been for a gate.
m.Lth. 1796 Cramond Session Rec. MS. IX. 265:
A window with 12 feet new Rybets.
Sc. 1814 J. Sinclair Agric. Scot. App. I. 289:
All the corners, ribbets, and lintels for doors and windows to be broached ashler.
Sc. 1835 H. Miller Scenes (1874) 127:
The diminutive, heavily-framed windows, and chamfered rybats.
Ags. 1896 J. Stirton Thrums 93:
All the lintels, “rybats”, and uprights are from the neighbouring hills.
Arg. 1914 N. Munro New Road xxxv.:
The twig of a rose-bush nailed to the ribbits of the window.
Sc. 1952 Edb. Ev. Dispatch (10 Oct.) 8:
The rybats which form the sides of the window-openings in most stone buildings are long and short alternately along the face of the wall. The short-faced rybats are called “inbands” (they bond into the backing) and the long ones are “outbands”.

[O.Sc. rebatt, id., 1554, appar. ad. O.Fr. rab(b)at, a recess in a wall. This has become in Eng. rabbet, rebate, with the meaning of a cut or groove made along the edge or face of a stone or board to receive a correspondingly shaped piece, a check.]

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"Rybat n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 17 Aug 2022 <>



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