Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
ROSE, n., v. Sc. usages:
I. n. 1. Sc. combs.: (1) rose bent, the heath rush, Juncus squarrosus (Bwk. 1853 G. Johnston Botany E. Borders 199). Also in n.Eng. dial.; (2) rose-kaimed, of a fowl: rose-combed, having a red carunculated comb or crest, in quot. poss. alluding to a muscovy drake; (3) rose-lintie, -linnet, -lenart (Sc. 1904 E.D.D.), (i) the male of the linnet, Acanthis cannabina, which displays bright red plumage on the forehead and breast during the breeding season (Cld. 1825 Jam.; Rxb. 1856 Hist. Bwk. Nat. Club (1874) 292; Bwk. 1889 G. Muirhead Birds Bwk. I. 168; Cai. 1907 J. Horne County of Cai. 374; w.Fif.11930; Arg. 1936 L. McInnes S. Kintyre 8; Uls. 1953 Traynor; Ork., Cai. 1968). Also in Eng. dial.; (ii) the lesser redpoll, Acanthis flammea (Slg. 1885 Trans. Slg. Nat. Hist. and Archaeol. Soc. 62; s.Sc. 1885 C. Swainson Brit. Birds 65; Arg. 1936 L. McInnes S. Kintyre 8); (iii) the greenfinch, Chloris chloris (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.); (4) rose noble, the knotted figwort, Scrophularia nodosa (Gall. 1904 E.D.D.; Arg. 1936 L. McInnes S. Kintyre 8). Also Uls. and n.Eng. dial., and prob. a borrowing from Ir.
(2) Abd. 1828 P. Buchan Ballads (1876) I. 26:
And he became a rose-kaim'd drake To gie the duck a dreel. (3) Dmf. 1810 R. Cromek Remains 35:
What says the sangster Rose-linnet? Ags. 1834 J. Nevay Peasant 216:
I glegly dearn'd the thicket furze Where the rose-lintie bigs. Sc. 1842 D. Vedder Poems 279:
The rose-linnet's thrill, Overflowing with gladness.
2. Dim. rosie, rosy, ¶roosie (s.Sc. 1926 H. McDiarmid Penny Wheep 52), (1) = rose lintie s.v. 1. (3) (i); (2) a child's reddish marble (Abs.27 1920; Bnff. 1968); ‡(3) in reduplic. comb. rosy-posy, a term of endearment (Abd., Ags. 1968); (4) a ring opposite the sun, indicating a change of weather (Mry.11925); a gleam of light through a cloud, regarded as a sign of bad weather (Mry. 1921 T.S.D.C., Mry.1 1925).
(1) Abd. 1873 J. Ogg Willie Waly 203:
The “rosies” an' “greenies” are perched on each tree-tap. (2) Abd. 1899 Bon-Accord (30 Nov.) 9:
He gied me an extarornar shove that sent me rowin' doon the stairs like a rosie. Abd. 1958 Abd. Press and Jnl. (22 Sept.):
Bools, played round the lamp-post, with rosies, and peebles and picks. (3) Edb. 1876 J. Smith Archie and Bess 4:
Div ye think sae, my elegant rosy-posy?
3. The ventral disc of the male lump-fish when it turns bright red at spawning time.
Lth. 1837 Wernerian Soc. Mem. VII. 381:
The male [lump-]fish is much smaller than the female, and when in spawning condition, the whole under surface is of a bright red, particularly the ventral disk to which the fishermen give the name of the Rose, in consequence of a supposed resemblance to that flower.
4. Appar. a marking on a horse resembling a rose, phs. some skin excrescence or hair pattern. Cf. Eng. rose, erysipelas.
Sc. 1700 Edb. Gazette (1 Aug.):
The one [mare] is of a dark brown collour, with a Rose on her near shoulder.
5. A round pin-cushion with the pins.
Rnf. 1763 Session Papers, Petition W. Brodie (22 Nov.) 19:
He would give her a rose of pins for her carrying the water from the high well.
6. Of potatoes: the crown end of the tubers (Sc. 1849 H. Stephens Bk. Farm (1855) I. 630). Also rose end.
Hdg. 1873 Trans. Highl. Soc. 30:
Where small potatoes are used it is thought advisable to cut off a small slice from the “rose” end of each. Ags. 1876 Trans. Highl. Soc. 127:
Kidneys and flukes are best planted whole, as they have few eyes and only at the rose end.
II. v. In ppl.adj. rosed, 1. of beans: stunted and abnormal in growth (see quot.); 2. of the skin: inflamed.
1. e.Lth. 1859–61 Trans. Highl. Soc. 26:
Large portions of them [beans] became what was called “rosed”; that is, they stopped growing in height, but sent out numerous small turned-up leaves. 2. Per. 1878 R. Ford Hame-Spun Lays 51:
I draive the graip doon thro' my tae — Oh! hoo it's festered, rosed, an' beal'd!
You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.
"Rose n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/rose>
Try an Advanced Search