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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1968 (SND Vol. VII).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

ROSE, n., v. Sc. usages:

I. n. 1. Sc. combs.: (1) rose bent, the heath rush, Juncus squarrosus (Bwk. 1853 G. Johnston Botany E. Borders 199). Also in n.Eng. dial.; (2) rose-kaimed, of a fowl: rose-combed, having a red carunculated comb or crest, in quot. poss. alluding to a muscovy drake; (3) rose-lintie, -linnet, -lenart (Sc. 1904 E.D.D.), (i) the male of the linnet, Acanthis cannabina, which displays bright red plumage on the forehead and breast during the breeding season (Cld. 1825 Jam.; Rxb. 1856 Hist. Bwk. Nat. Club (1874) 292; Bwk. 1889 G. Muirhead Birds Bwk. I. 168; Cai. 1907 J. Horne County of Cai. 374; w.Fif.11930; Arg. 1936 L. McInnes S. Kintyre 8; Uls. 1953 Traynor; Ork., Cai. 1968). Also in Eng. dial.; (ii) the lesser redpoll, Acanthis flammea (Slg. 1885 Trans. Slg. Nat. Hist. and Archaeol. Soc. 62; s.Sc. 1885 C. Swainson Brit. Birds 65; Arg. 1936 L. McInnes S. Kintyre 8); (iii) the greenfinch, Chloris chloris (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.); (4) rose noble, the knotted figwort, Scrophularia nodosa (Gall. 1904 E.D.D.; Arg. 1936 L. McInnes S. Kintyre 8). Also Uls. and n.Eng. dial., and prob. a borrowing from Ir.(2) Abd. 1828 P. Buchan Ballads (1876) I. 26:
And he became a rose-kaim'd drake To gie the duck a dreel.
(3) Dmf. 1810 R. Cromek Remains 35:
What says the sangster Rose-linnet?
Ags. 1834 J. Nevay Peasant 216:
I glegly dearn'd the thicket furze Where the rose-lintie bigs.
Sc. 1842 D. Vedder Poems 279:
The rose-linnet's thrill, Overflowing with gladness.

2. Dim. rosie, rosy, ¶roosie (s.Sc. 1926 H. McDiarmid Penny Wheep 52), (1) = rose lintie s.v. 1. (3) (i); (2) a child's reddish marble (Abs.27 1920; Bnff. 1968); ‡(3) in reduplic. comb. rosy-posy, a term of endearment (Abd., Ags. 1968); (4) a ring opposite the sun, indicating a change of weather (Mry.11925); a gleam of light through a cloud, regarded as a sign of bad weather (Mry. 1921 T.S.D.C., Mry.1 1925).(1) Abd. 1873 J. Ogg Willie Waly 203:
The “rosies” an' “greenies” are perched on each tree-tap.
(2) Abd. 1899 Bon-Accord (30 Nov.) 9:
He gied me an extarornar shove that sent me rowin' doon the stairs like a rosie.
Abd. 1958 Abd. Press and Jnl. (22 Sept.):
Bools, played round the lamp-post, with rosies, and peebles and picks.
(3) Edb. 1876 J. Smith Archie and Bess 4:
Div ye think sae, my elegant rosy-posy?

3. The ventral disc of the male lump-fish when it turns bright red at spawning time.Lth. 1837 Wernerian Soc. Mem. VII. 381:
The male [lump-]fish is much smaller than the female, and when in spawning condition, the whole under surface is of a bright red, particularly the ventral disk to which the fishermen give the name of the Rose, in consequence of a supposed resemblance to that flower.

4. Appar. a marking on a horse resembling a rose, phs. some skin excrescence or hair pattern. Cf. Eng. rose, erysipelas.Sc. 1700 Edb. Gazette (1 Aug.):
The one [mare] is of a dark brown collour, with a Rose on her near shoulder.

5. A round pin-cushion with the pins.Rnf. 1763 Session Papers, Petition W. Brodie (22 Nov.) 19:
He would give her a rose of pins for her carrying the water from the high well.

6. Of potatoes: the crown end of the tubers (Sc. 1849 H. Stephens Bk. Farm (1855) I. 630). Also rose end.Hdg. 1873 Trans. Highl. Soc. 30:
Where small potatoes are used it is thought advisable to cut off a small slice from the “rose” end of each.
Ags. 1876 Trans. Highl. Soc. 127:
Kidneys and flukes are best planted whole, as they have few eyes and only at the rose end.

II. v. In ppl.adj. rosed, 1. of beans: stunted and abnormal in growth (see quot.); 2. of the skin: inflamed.1. e.Lth. 1859–61 Trans. Highl. Soc. 26:
Large portions of them [beans] became what was called “rosed”; that is, they stopped growing in height, but sent out numerous small turned-up leaves.
2. Per. 1878 R. Ford Hame-Spun Lays 51:
I draive the graip doon thro' my tae — Oh! hoo it's festered, rosed, an' beal'd!

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"Rose n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 22 May 2024 <>



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