Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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REEST, n.3, v.3 Also reist. Obs. in Eng. exc. dial. See also Wreest. [rist]

I. n. 1. The mould-board of a plough (Ayr. 1923 Wilson Dial. Burns 181; Abd., m.Sc. 1968); see 1951 quot. Also in Eng. dial. Comb. reeshoe [ < reest-shoe], the sole-plate of a plough. Rxb. 1708 Stitchill Ct. Book (S.H.S.) 162:
One grot for 2 reists.
Ork. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 XVII. 228:
The plough which is in general used . . . has only one slender stilt, to which as slender a beam is fixed, and has neither reest nor mould-board.
Fif. 1845 Stat. Acc.2 IX. 609:
The plough itself was a rude instrument nine or ten feet long, all made of wood except the culter, sock and “reeshoe”
Uls. 1951 E. E. Evans Mourne Country 117:
To the straight wooden mould-board a tapered block of wood, the “reest ”, 3 ft. long is attached with dowels.

II. v. To tilt the plough to the right in ploughing, i.e. on the mould-board side with the right stilt lower than the left (Arg.1 1937; Per., Lth., Lnk. 1968). Vbl.n. reestin.

[O.E. rēost, the share-beam of a plough. Cf. Ger. rist, ploughshare, Sw. rist, a coulter.]

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"Reest n.3, v.3". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Jun 2021 <>



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