Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
PEACE, n., int. Also paece, paice, pace, pays, peas(e); adv. pesablie (Sc. 1712 Culloden Papers (Warrand 1925) II. 32). Sc. forms and usages. [pis, pes]
I. n. 1. As in Eng. Sc. combs. and phrs.: (1) folk (men) of peace, the fairies, the “little people”, a mistranslation of Gael. sìthdhaoine, the fairy people, confused with sìth, peace; ¶(2) peace-brule, a breaking of the peace, disturbance, an artificial formation of peace + Brulzie, a commotion, brawl; (3) peace-warning, a notice to quit, a precept of warning, see Precept. Hence to peace-warn, to serve a notice of ejection (on a tenant). Cf. Eng. peace-warrant, a warrant issued by a Justice of the Peace; (4) phr. to be (sit, etc.) at (in) peace, freq. in imper. to an unruly child, = “Sit still!”, “Don't fidget!” Gen.Sc.; (5) phr. to gie one peace, usu. in imper., = “Let me alone”, “Don't disturb me”. Gen.Sc.; (6) to play (at) pease-mum, to be silent, not utter a word, “to mutter” (Dmf. 1825 Jam.); (7) to tak peace (afore, apo oneself), to calm down, be quiet, become pacified, assume a quiet, good-tempered demeanour (I.Sc. 1965); (8) wand of peace, the rod of office, formerly carried by messengers-at-arms, the executive officers of the Court of Session, on official duty. It was ceremonially “broken” (see 1946 quot.) to mark attempted resistance to the civil authority. See also Wand; (9) wi peace, in peace, peacefully, without disturbance (I.Sc. 1965).
(1) Sc. 1893 Stevenson Catriona i.:
I am nameless like the Folk of Peace. Highl. 1960 I. F. Grant Folk Ways 137:
The fairies of the Highlands, politely spoken of as the Daoine Sith (Men of Peace). (2) Sc. 1879 P. H. Waddell Isaiah liii. 8:
Our peace-brule it was, like a lade had him fangit. (3) Edb. 1872 J. Smith Jenny Blair's Maunderings 34:
Some are peace-warned, an' maun be forcibly expelled if they refuse to quit. Sc. 1896 W. K. Morton Manual 125:
Various forms of notice or peace-warning, such as chalking the door, etc., are in use in different burghs. Kcb. 1899 Crockett Kit Kennedy xvii.:
I hae a peace-warning to deliver to Mathy Armour, . . . that will send him oot o' this comfortable doonsittin'. (4) Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 76:
He's niver at paice; he's eye in hehdinex wee something. Sh. 1900 Shetland News (1 Dec.):
Doo's hurtin' me shakle bane. Be in pace, man! Sh. 1901 Ib. (16 Feb.):
Geng ower ta Magnis an' Tamy aless doo's in paece. Be a good boy! Abd. 1925 D. Scott Hum. Stories 83:
I made 'im staun' at peace a meenit. Sc. 1933 J. Bridie Sleeping Clergyman i. iii.:
Sit at peace and enjoy the sunshine. wm.Sc.1 1955:
To boisterous or obstreperous children or animals: “Och, be at peace, will you”, or: “Be at peace now”. (5) Sh. 1901 Shetland News (16 Feb.):
So, Willie gie hir paece, boy. wm.Sc.2 1962:
Can ye no gie me some peace, bairn? (7) Sh. 1899 Shetland News (9 Dec.):
Girzzie 'ill no tak' paece wance 'at shü begins ta loss paeshens. Sh. 1951 New Shetlander No. 29. 15:
Here's dee a bröni. Noo gaeng furt an tak paece afore dee. (8) Sc. 1722 W. Forbes Institutes I. ii. 192:
The Badges of a Messenger are a Blazon, and a Rod or Wand, called the Wand of Peace, whereby his Authority is discovered. Sc. 1761 Session Papers. Spence v Tennent (11 Nov.) 2:
[He] touched the Complainer on the Arm with his Wand of Peace in common Form, and told him that he was his Prisoner in virtue of a Caption. Sc. 1773 Erskine Institute i. iv. § 32:
At their [Messengers-at-Arms'] admission they receive a silver blazon, on which the king's arms are engraved, as a badge of their office, and a wand or rod usually called the wand of peace; and it appears that, as early as 1426 . . . the mairs or serjeants who attended on the sheriffs and other judges-ordinary were not allowed to travel through the country without a horn and a wand. Sc. 1781 Session Papers, Petition J. Murdoch Proof 4:
James Gordon declared that he was deforced, used the formality of breaking his wand of peace. Sc. 1816 Scott Antiquary xlii.:
The legal officer, confronted with him of the military . . . produced his short official baton, tipped with silver, and having a moveable ring upon it — “Captain M'Intyre — Sir, I have no quarrel with you — but if you interrupt me in my duty, I will break the wand of peace, and declare myself deforced.” Sc. 1946 A. D. Gibb Legal Terms 94:
Wand of Peaee. A baton of a messenger-at-arms “the breaking of which (done by withdrawing a ring from one end to the other) is declaration of deforcement.” (9) Per. 1885 W. Pyott Poems 112:
We'd like a bit grund o' our ain Where we wi' peace might stray. Abd. 1929 J. Alexander Mains & Hilly 82:
It's lang daylicht eynoo, an a'body can see to gyang aboot wi' peace.
2. As a substitute for “God”, “Lord”, etc. in such expletive phrs. as peace be here, -wi' us, I wish to peace, surely to peace, please peace!, etc. Gen.Sc. Cf. Guid, III. 5. (1).
Ayr. c.1790 Burns To Dr. Blacklock iv.:
I'm turned a gauger — Peace be here! Mry. 1806 J. Cock Simple Strains 123:
Then up she got — cried, “Peace be we's, I fear I'm miss'd!” Gsw. 1860 J. Young Poorhouse Lays 10:
I wish tae peace she'd brak yer legs. Wgt. 1880 G. Fraser Lowland Lore 155:
“I wush to peace we could get saut” was a saying at one time pretty often heard about Whithorn, — employed to signify that the speaker was not financially in a position to indulge in luxuries. Abd. 1880 G. Webster Crim. Officer 119:
I never saw man nor 'oman hangit yet, an' please Peace never will. Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond My Man Sandy (1899) vi.:
Shurely to peace a scone's bigger than a bit o' a scone! Lnk. 1902 A. Wardrop Hamely Sk. 15:
I declare tae peace if I wad hae grudged tae pay for't. Bwk. 1943 W. L. Ferguson Vignettes 70:
I wush to peace I'd got anither. ne.Sc. 1954 Mearns Leader (20 Aug.) 6:
Fat wis gweed aneuch for Royalty wis, surely tae peace, gweed aneuch for the likes o' hiz.
II. int. A call for a truce in a game, “pax!” (Slg., Fif. 1959 I. and P. Opie Lore and Language 152, peas; Ags., Slk., Uls. 1965). Cf. Barley, Parley.
Uls. 1884 Cruck-a-Leaghan & Slieve-Gallion Lays and Leg. 6:
He'd throw the best av the boys, an' before you'd say “Pays!” the whole fair wid jist be as quet as you plase.
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"Peace n., interj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 29 Sep 2020 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/peace>
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