Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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PAIDLE, n.3 Also padle, paedle, paedel; peddle (Sh. a.1838 Jam. MSS. III. 172); paddle; pattle- (e.Sc. 1930 Fishery Board Gl.); parl- (Kcd. 1930 Ib.). The lump-fish or lump-sucker, Cyclopterus lumpus (Sc. 1811 Wernerian Soc. Mem. I. 548; I.Sc. 1866 Edm. Gl.; Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.; Ork. 1929 Marw.; Sh., Cai., Kcd., Fif. 1965); also paidle-cock (Kcd., Ags. 1965), cock-paidle, paidle-fish, id., see combs. below. Rs. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 III. 509:
Prawns, small rock and ware cod, gurnet, turbot, and padles are found.
Ork. 1808 G. Barry Hist. Ork. 302:
The Lump Fish . . . here denominated the Paddle, frequents the harbours and sand-banks.
m.Lth. 1809 Scots Mag. (April) 244:
Nets set for catching padles or lump-fish in the Frith of Forth.
Bwk. 1838 Proc. Bwk. Nat. Club I. 174:
The Paidle spawns towards the end of March.
Fif. 1844 J. Jack St. Monance 60:
Mak' yer bridal bed amang the crabs and paidles.
Ork. 1880 Dennison Sketch-Bk. 33:
He was piveran like a paedle on a plate.
Sh. 1949 New Shetlander (March–April) 8:
Perhaps too a great warty paedel — the Lumpsucker or “Sea Hen” — will be seen grounded on a sandbank.

Combs.: 1. blue paidle, the female lump-fish, but also used of the lump-fish in general (Sc. 1930 Fishery Board Gl.). See 2. quot.; 2. cock-paidle, the male lump-fish, see Cock, n.1, 2. (11); 3. hen-paidle, see 1. above; 4. hush paidle, see 1. and 3. above; 5. paidle-cock, paddle- (Abd. 1959), pattle-, parl-, see 2. above; 6. paidle-fish, the lump-sucker; 7. paidle-hen, parl-, see 1., 3. and 4. above; 8. paddle-rawn, the roe of the lump-fish (Abd. (coast) 1955); 9. parl-sheetins, the spawn of the lump-fish (Kcd. 1930 Fishery Board Gl.). See Shuit; 10. red paidle, the male lump-fish (Sc. 1930 Fishery Board Gl.). Cf. 1880 quot. under 1. above. 1. Sc. 1880–4 F. Day Fishes I. 181:
Cock- and hen-paidle or red- and blue-paidle, according to sex.
2. Sc. 1705 J. Spruell Accompt Current 11:
Cat-fish and Cockpadle, Whiteings, Haddocks, small cods.
Sc. 1883 Encycl. Brittanica XV. 65:
The vernacular name, “cock and hen paddle,” given to the lump-fish on some parts of the coast, is probably expressive of the difference between the two sexes in their outward appearance, the male being only half or one-third the size of the female, and assuming during the spawning season a bright blue coloration, with red on the lower parts.
4. Fif. 1803 R. Sibbald Hist. Fife 126:
The Lump or Sea Owl . . . the Cock Padle. I take it to be the same, which our fishers call the Hush-Padle or Bagaty; they say it is the female of the former.
5. Sc. 1880–4 F. Day Fishes I. 181:
Lump-sucker, due to its lumpy form and possessing a suctorial disc. Paddle-cock, Scotland, owing to its dorsal ridge enveloped in tubercular skin, resembling the comb of a cock.
Wgt. 1926 Trans. Dmf. & Gall. Antiq. Soc. (1926–8) 34:
Lump Sucker. It has various names, as Sea Hen, Paidle Cock, etc.
6. e.Sc. 1902 Chambers's Jnl. (5 April) 277:
Early in May we have an annual visit of the lumpsucker, better known on the east coast as the paidle-fish.
7. Sh. 1899 Evans & Buckley Fauna Shet. 222:
The “paidle cock” is but half the size of the “Paidle hen”.
ne.Sc. 1903 G. Sim Fauna of “Dee” 225:
Parl Hen. Common all along the east coast. Seldom used as food, but by some it is considered good, after having been skinned and hung in peat-smoke for several days.

[O.Sc. padill, id., 1525. Of somewhat uncertain orig., prob. from Paidle, n.2, paddle, an oar, from its shape. ]

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"Paidle n.3". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jan 2022 <>



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