Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
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First published 1965 (SND Vol. VI).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.
-OCH, suff. Also -ach, -(o)ich; -o(u)gh, -agh, -igh. [-ɔx, -əx]
2. With a modifying force = rather, somewhat, inclining to, suffixed to noun stems or simple adjs., e.g. gabach s.v. Gab, n.2, Dainshach, or after such words already compounded, e.g. Crumshach, Glamshach, Minshach, Wilshoch, where -shach prob. represents -(i)sh + -ach; Glashtroch, glousteroich s.v. Glouster; where the other suffix is -(t)ie, -y, the -och suff. precedes, esp. common in adjs. of colour, = Eng. -ish, e.g. Bluachie, Greenichtie, Greenichy, Moorichie, Reidichie, Yalloch(t)ie. Cf. -Ock, suff.
2. In Sc. words, on the analogy of Gael. or Ir., esp. freq. in n.Sc. and Gall. (see under (2)), rare in s.Sc.: (1) with the force of a collective or intensive, as Dossach, Fussoch, Glammoch, Gorroch, Hurloch, Mashloch, paipoch s.v. Paip, n., Smuddoch, Smushach, Squalloch, Toshoch, Yelloch; (2) specif. and freq. pejoratively: of things, implying abnormality, confusion or mess, or of persons with some physical, mental or moral defect, as Boytach, bulloch, Doyloch, Glauroch, Hushoch, Mushoch, Ruddoch, Slungoch, Splorroch; (3) as a second suff. after -le, -er, in forms -lach, -loch, -roch, as in Brashloch, Hashloch, Jabbloch, Knapplach, Spoutroch, Swattroch, Taploch, with meanings as in (2); (4) as a variant form of -Ock, dim. ending, q.v., in e.g. Goorach, n., drabblich s.v. Drabble, n., Knibloch, Knarlich s.v. Knar, jibblich s.v. Jibble, very common in ne.Sc.[Gael. -ach, n. and adj. suff., of quality, collectivity, etc.]
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"-och suffix". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2023 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/och_suffix>