Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology Cite this entry

MASH, n. Also dim. mashie. A heavy two-faced hammer, used for stone-breaking, etc. (Cai., Per., Fif., Dmf. 1962). Also mash-hammer, id. (Abd. 1825 Jam.; Dmf. 1957 Trans. Dmf. and Gall. Antiq. Soc. XXXIV. 99). Gen.Sc. Deriv. masher, a quarryman who breaks large blocks of stone into smaller fragments with a mash (Ags. 1962). Ork. 1734 P. Ork. A.S. (1923) 65:
Two pair of tongs, . . . two Mashes, one small hammer.
Abd. 1767 Aberdeen Jnl. (18 May):
A large Mash Hammer and other Hammers.
Sc. 1837 Trans. Highl. Soc. 413:
Each block is . . . then finished at the points or edges with a cold chisel and mash hammer 6 lb. weight.
Fif. 1868 St. Andrews Gazette (28 Nov.):
Quarry Plant . . . Consisting of . . . 11 Mash Hammers; 2 Hand-barrows; 1 Crane step (new).
Sc. 1886 J. Barrowman Mining Terms 44:
Mash, a double-hand hammer for breaking coal, setting up props, etc.
Lnk. 1890 J. Coghill Poems 96:
A' ye, wha mell an' chisel wield, Or mash an' clourer.

[Fr. masse, sledge-hammer, club (Eng. mace), with influence from mash, to smash to pulp.]

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Mash n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 27 Sep 2021 <>



Try an Advanced Search

Browse SND: