Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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LIOOM, n., v. Also loom; lum(e), lu(u)m, løm, ljuem (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.); lumie, ljumi. [′l(j)u(ə)m(i), løm]

I. n. 1. A gleam of light, a bright opening in an overcast sky, a clearing up of weather (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928), løm). Sh. 1898 “Junda” Klingrahool 22:
Der no a lüm in aa da lift.

2. The smooth glancing appearance of water caused by an oily substance on its surface, e.g. crushed limpets as fish-bait (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl., lume, lioom, 1908 Jak. (1928), ljumi, Sh. 1961). The forms in -i(e) gen. connote a specific or limited patch of water showing lioom. Sh. 1877 G. Stewart Fireside Tales 13:
Sprootin' da soe weel oot, till da water is clear wi' da lumie.
Sh. 1884 R. J. Munro Herring Fisheries 14:
The livers of the fish are crushed to prevent the waves breaking called “lioom.”
Sh. 1899 Shetland News (3 June):
I saw a piltik boolin' doon i' da luum.

II. v. 1. Gen. with up, op, of the sky at dawn or after rain or fog: to dawn, to clear up, to become brighter (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928), løm; Ork. 1929 Marw., loom; Sh., Cai. 1961). Sh. 1892 Manson's Sh. Almanac:
Dan da ask lumed up an' we saa da caavies.
Sh. 1899 Shetland News (1 April):
Luik i' da door agen an' see if he's no laek ta lum up.

2. To spread like oil on the surface of the water (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl.).

[Norw. dial. lømme, ljome, O.N. ljómi, shining, radiance, ljóma, to gleam, Icel., to dawn.]

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"Lioom n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Oct 2021 <>



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