Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
LEID, n. Also leed (Dmf. 1711 Trans. Dmf. & Gall. Antiq. Soc. (1920–1) 130; Gsw. 1763 Burgh Rec. Gsw. (1912) 167; Edb. 1806 H. Macneill Poems I. 38; Ork. 1880 Dennison Sketch-Bk. 9; Abd. 1920 C. Murray Country Places 21); ledd (Sh.). Sc. forms of Eng. lead, the metal. [Sc. lid, but I. and em.Sc. (a) led. See P.L.D. §§ 88, 93.3, 96.2, 120, 130.]
1. As in Eng. Adj. leeden (Lnk. 1890 H. Muir Rutherglen 40), leaden; comb. leaden-heart, a lead charm or amulet (see quot.); “the lead, in a state of fusion, must be cast into water, receiving its form fortuitously, and be prepared with a variety of incantations” (Sh. 1825 Jam.).
Sh. 1822 Scott Pirate xxviii.:
Norna … knotted the leaden heart to a chain of gold, and hung it around Minna's neck; — a spell, which, at the moment I record these incidents, it is known has been lately practised in Zetland. where any decline of health, without apparent cause, is imputed by the lower orders to a demon having stolen the heart from the body of the patriot.
2. Sc. combs.: †(1) lead-brash. a kind of epileptic or paralytic disease in the lead-mining areas of Lanarkshire, prob. a form of lead-colic; (2) lead butl-axe, a stick of lead used as a pencil. See quot. and Bullax; (3) lead-draps, small shot used in fowling (Sc. 1825 Jam.; Wgt. 1960); (4) lead-pike, = (2), and see quot. s.v.; (5) lead-stane, a lead-sinker for a fishing handline (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl.; Cai. 1902 E.D.D.; Sh., Heb., Ayr. 1960).
(1) Lnk. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 XXI. App. 98:
Horses, cows, dogs, cats are liable to the lead-brash. A cat, when seized with that distemper, springs like lightning through every corner of the house, falls into convulsions, and dies. A dog falls into strong convulsions also, but sometimes recovers. A cow grows perfectly mad in an instant. Sc. a.1814 J. Ramsay Scot. and Scotsmen (1888) II. 318:
Till they were put under strict regimen, the miners were subject to what is called the lead-brash; and frenzy or idiotcy were not uncommon among then , which were ascribed to the noxious effluvia of the mines. (2) ne.Sc. 1881 W. Gregor Folk-Lore 163:
When the [shooting] match was finished the boys … immediately set to work to dig for the balls. The lead so recovered was manufactured at times anew into balls; but oftenest into “lead pikes” and “lead bull-axes” to rule the copy-books at school, as pencils were scarce, and ruled copy-books were not then in use. (3) Edb. 1844 J. Ballantine Gaberlunzie x.:
Thou herries nests, thou sets slee traps To catch auld sparrows, Or riddles them wi' cauld lead-draps. Sc. 1893 Stevenson Catriona xv.:
My grandsire gied Sandie a siller tester to pit in his gun wi' the leid draps, bein' mair deidly again bogles. (5) Sh. 1899 J. Spence Folk-Lore 129:
Formerly sinkers were made of klamal or soap-stone, instead of lead as at present, and to this day fishermen speak of the haandline stane or lead stane, a remnant of the ancient practice.
3. A lead vessel used for storing liquor or for brewing.
Inv. 1721 Steuart Letter-Bk. (S.H.S.) 155:
If you can find a tun of good strong wine I mean Claret drawen of the Gross lead, [you] may ship a tun for my accot. Abd. 1731 Monymusk Papers (S.H.S.) 7:
An old lead with a crubb, with two old fatts.
4. A boy's marble, or counter in the game of Buttons, hand-made from lead (Wgt. 1921 Gsw. Herald (7 Dec.) 10). Dim. leadie (Wgt., Rxb. 1960); deriv. leader, a lead bullet, esp. one used as a marble (Sc. 1911 S.D.D. Add.).
Ags. 1887 J. McBain Arbroath 340:
What evenings were spent in casting “leadies”, that is, making lead castings from the shell of some big button!
5. One of the lead-weights on a pendulum clock (I.Sc., Ags., Wgt. 1960).
Sh. 1899 Shetland News (7 Oct.):
Da clock been dumb frae yesterday, 'at da string broke, an da ledd fell i' da boddom o' her.
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"Leid n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 May 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/leid>
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