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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1960 (SND Vol. V).

KNED, v., n. Sc. form of Eng. knead (Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 39; Per., Fif., s.Sc. 1960). Ppl.adj. kne(a)d, kneddit. [(k)nɛd; s.Sc. næd]

I. v. 1. As in Eng. Comb. knead-cake, a thin cake of flour, baked and then roasted on the girdle (Rxb. a.1838 Jam. MSS. XI. 99).Ayr. 1873 A. Aitken Poems 57:
A weel kned butter'd bannock, O' guid oat meal.

2. To exhaust, tire out.Ags. 1902 E.D.D.:
He had a lot o' yowes to look efter, an' was fell sair kned wi' them.
Ags.2 1943:
I'm fair kneddit wi' thae blankets.

3. By extension, of animals: to breathe with effort, to pant (Cai. 1902 E.D.D., Cai. 1960).Cai.7 1942:
Fanever he began til kned, A geed for 'e vet.

II. n. Of an animal: short, laboured breathing (Cai. 1902 E.D.D., Cai. 1960).

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"Kned v., n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 May 2022 <>



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