Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
JEEL, v., n. Also jeal, †jeil; geel, †geil(l), geal, †gele. [dʒil]
I. v. 1. tr. and intr. To freeze, to congeal; to be benumbed with cold (Bwk. 1942 Wettstein; n., e. and wm.Sc., Kcb. 1959). Obs. in Eng. since 17th c. exc. dial.
Edb. 1786 Edb. Ev. Courant (12 Dec.):
An' whan your bluid begins to jeel An' shanks grow fozie. Abd. 1804 W. Tarras Poems 19:
Wer't no for houp, that darling bliss, Our very hearts wou'd geal. Lnk. 1827 J. Watt Poems 22:
Gin ither's furniture be guid, It's like to jeal his very bluid. Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 59:
He pleutert i' the burn till he wiz gealt wee cauld. Ags. 1918 J. Inglis The Laird 14:
Oh, John o' Frost, great frosty one! Come geal the dam we curl upon. Abd. 1943 W. S. Forsyth Guff o' Waur 29:
Cauld feems on Robbie noo began to jeel his spinal cord.
2. To set, congeal, become firm, esp. of jam or jelly; of stock, etc. (Cai. 1900 E.D.D.), of pig's blood after slaughter (Cai.7 1952). Gen.Sc.
Sc. 1736 Mrs McLintock Receipts 32:
To every Mutchkin of the Juice of Rasps, take half a Mutchkin of the Juice of red Rizers to make it geil. Per. 1896 I. Maclaren Kate Carnegie 204:
Might be seen setting saucers of black jam upon the window-sill to “jeel”. Ayr. 1913 J. Service Memorables x.:
She cuist glamourie on the kirn that the butter wadna jeel. Lth. 1925 C. P. Slater Marget Pow 159:
That cranberry jam didna geill, and it made wi' pure cane sugar and a'. Slg. 1941 :
“A'm aye in the same dish I was gealed in”, I am still in the place in which I was born.
3. To spread with jam or jelly. Cf. n., 2.
m.Sc. 1917 J. Buchan Poems 51:
A can o' worms ae pooch concealed, The tither scones weel brooned and jeeled.
II. n. 1. Extreme coldness, as of water in winter; chilliness, frostiness (Abd. 1825 Jam.); a severe chill, chilling sensation (Abd., Kcd., Ags. 1959), and in phr. jeel o' caul', a chill (ne.Sc. 1911 S.D.D. Add.); ice.
Sc. 1900 E.D.D.:
As cauld as geal. Slg. 1905 D. L. Duncan Hameart Rhymes 62:
Sits a' day lang wi' heart like jeel, An' carkin' hoast. Abd. 1924 Swatches o' Hamespun 54:
He thocht she hid gotten a gey jeel. Mry. 1925 1 :
Pit in het water tae tak aff the geel. Bnff. 1939 J. M. Caie Hills & Sea 20:
“It's caul',” said he, “for a peer aul' deil; My hoofs an' horns are that near jeel, I fairly thocht I wad freeze.”
Hence jeel-caul(d), stone-cold, cold as ice (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 225; ne.Sc. 1959).
Abd. 1928 N. Shepherd Quarry Wood xviii.:
“She's geal cauld”, said the woman. Bch. 1935 J. White Sea Road ix.:
Your tea's gele-cold.
2. Jelly (Rxb. 1942 Zai; Abd., Ags., Per., Fif. 1959). Also attrib. as in †geill-glass (Sc. 1724 W. MacGill Old Ross-shire (1909) 136), -pot. Deriv. jeelaberry, soft fruit jelly (Slk. 1827 Blackwood's Mag. (Aug.) 174).
Sc. 1736 Mrs McLintock Receipts 29–30:
To make Geil of Gooseberries . . . let it boil about half a Quarter of an Hour, and put it in the Geil Glasses. Sc. 1761 Boswell Letters (1857) 14:
Obliged to conform to every Scotch custom or be laughed at, — “Will you hae some jeel? oh fie! oh fie!” Edb. 1773 Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) II. 187:
To Walker's he can rin awa, There whang his creams an' jeels Wi' life that day. Fif. 1827 W. Tennant Papistry Storm'd 99:
Rang'd here and there in sindry parts, And sauces, soups, and geills, and creams. wm.Sc. 1837 Laird of Logan 136:
On my imminent danger, I was just dissolved into a lump of geil. Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond My Man Sandy (1899) xviii.:
I was genna gie him a bit piece an some noo grozer jeel on't. Rxb. 1901 W. Laidlaw Poetry & Prose 44:
His hairt, tho' yince as “hard as flint”, Fu' soon became as saft as jeel.
3. Gelatine (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.).[O.Sc. has geil(l), gele, jelly, from c.1470; Fr. geler, Lat. gelare, to (cause to) freeze, to congeal, O.Fr. gele, giel, frost, jelly.]
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"Jeel v., n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Jun 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/jeel_v_n>
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