Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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IR, v. A variant spelling of are, pres. indic. pl. of Be, q.v., esp. in unstressed position. Gen.Sc. Also irr (Arg., Rnf., Ayr. 1958), er (s.Sc. 1929 Sc. Readings (Paterson) 46), and neg. irna (Cai., wm.Sc. 1958). It ir'ra, lit., that are they, they are indeed! (Ayr. 1874 A. Hislop Sc. Anecdotes 116). Slk. 1835  Hogg Wars Montrose I. 267:
“Are a' his bare hurdied clans muntit on horses?” “Ay, that they ir, John.”
Rxb. 1871  H. S. Riddell Poet. Wks. II. 91:
The younger they ir they're the waur.
Abd. 1877  G. Macdonald M. of Lossie lviii.:
An' wha ir ye for a fudgie-fisher, to gi'e coonsel ohn speired?
Sh. 1918  T. Manson Peat Comm. I. 57:
Weel, my jewel at ye ir, we're hed a boanie run.
Rxb. 1921  Kelso Chron. (25 Nov.) 2:
They sood widen the brig whan they irr at it.
Cai. 1928  John o' Groat Jnl. (10 Feb.):
Ir ye no' feelan yir banes crackan wi' 'e rheumatics?

Interrog. phrs.: 1. ir de, is there? are there? (Sh. 1958); see also The; 2. ir ee, = will you, please? (Rxb. 1927 E. C. Smith Braid Haaick 12). 1. Sh. 1914  Angus Gl. 68:
Tinks du ir de ony wird a dis war comin till an end?
2. Rxb. 1947 5 :
Faither, tak' us teh sei the Greens (the local Rugby team) this efternune, ir ee?

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"Ir v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Nov 2019 <>



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