Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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INGAUN, vbl.n., ppl.adj. Also ingäin (Jam.); inga(a)n(d); ingya(u)n (Sh., n.Sc.), ingaen (Ags., s.Sc.). See Gae, v.

I. vbl.n. 1. Entrance, ingoing, way in; the assembling in a building, esp. for a church service (Cai., Abd., Ags., Bwk., Kcb., Rxb. Slk., 1958), also attrib.; the entry to a new tenancy (Ork., Ags., Fif., Gall. 1958); the beginning of a furrow. Sc. 1825 Jam.:
“The ingäin of a kirk,” the assembling of the people in a church for the acts of divine worship.
Gsw. 1860 J. Young Poorhouse Lays 160:
The “in-gaun bells” hae jist been rung, The preacher mounts the pu'pit stair.
Edb. 1916 T. W. Paterson Wyse-Sayin's viii. 3:
By the big yetts At the in-gaun to the toon.
em.Sc. 1920 J. Black Airtin' Hame 112:
I'm fain, richt fain, to keek again E'en at windows and ingaun yett.
Rxb. 1927 E. C. Smith Braid Haaick 12:
The ingaun bells o a kirk are those rung when the service is almost due to begin (properly, just when the congregation are entering the church).
Bnff. 1934 J. M. Caie Kindly North 12:
The ingyaun' o' the craftie at the term.
Ags. 1959 C. Gibson Folk-Lore Tayside 19:
In a ploughing match points are given for the ingans and the ootgans.

2. In anglicised form ingoing (also ingo): the reveal of a door- or window-case where the stone-work turns inward at right angles to the wall (Sc. 1952 Builder (20 June) 942, ingo(ing)). Sc. 1851–3 Trans. Highl. Soc. 112:
The door and window rybates, sills, and lintels, will be droved on the ingoings.
Sc. 1859 Donaldson & Glen Specifications i. 218:
Ingoings of all the doors, or other openings in thick walls, to be finished with . . . linings.
Sc. 1933 Linlithgow Palace (H.M.S.O.) 23:
Ingoes have been cut out of the masonry under each of the windows.

II. ppl.adj. 1. Entering, taking possession, esp. in phr. ingaun tenant, the person who enters into the tenancy of a house, farm, etc., on the departure of the previous occupier (Sc. 1825 Jam.). Gen.Sc. Cf. incomin(g) s.v. Income. ne.Sc. 1881 W. Gregor Folk-Lore 178:
The kind offices of neighbours were not confined to ploughing the fields of the ingoing tenant.
Ags. 1956 Forfar Dispatch (19 July):
The ingaein fowk wants the name.

Combs. (in Mining): (1) ingaun ee, ingaen-, ingonee, einganee, (the entrance to) a drift mine or coal-seam at the surface outcrop, esp. when a seam is entered horizontally or on an inclined plane instead of vertically (Sc. 1886 J. Barrowman Mining Terms 39; m.Sc. 1958); for extended use see 1948 quot. Cf. Ee, n., 2.; (2) ingaandmouth, the mouth of such a working (Cld. 1825 Jam.). (1) Ayr. 1842 Children in Mines Report II. 374:
They [boys] can go in by an “ingonee” at eight or nine o'clock.
Dmf. 1891 J. Brown Hist. Sanquhar 340:
It [coal] is frequently to be found not far from the surface, and consequently runs out on the face of a cliff or brae. The first attempts at mining were naturally of the simplest and most primitive kind, consisting of a drift or level carried in where the coal thus shewed itself. . . . A level of this description, called among miners here an “ingaun-e'e,” is to be seen at Brandleys.
em.Sc. 1913 J. Black Gloamin' Glints 126:
On a steep brae-face, some ten or twelve feet above the bed of the stream, the first sod was thrown out. Above, there was about fifty or sixty feet of solid ground. The opening was therefore of the once more common ingaun' e'e description.
Rnf. 1920 Geol. Survey Scot. 15:
An “ingaun e'e” showing 2 ft. of limestone is still open south of Garnieland; the workings were probably in the underlying coal.
Lnk. 1948 J. G. Johnston Fish with me 217:
Einganee. Parking-place off main road — modern use of a term used to describe a coal pit which you enter from the level.
Ayr. 1951 Stat. Acc.3 85:
These drift mines — “ingaunee” is the traditional Ayrshire term — will have a short life.

2. Of the feet: inturned (Sh. 1958).

[Vbl.n. of In + Gae, v. O.Sc. ingoing, act of entering, 1637.]

Ingaun vbl. n., ppl. adj.

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"Ingaun vbl. n., ppl. adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 17 May 2021 <>



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