Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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HYNE, adv., n.1 Also hyn, hin(e), †hynd(e), ‡hind, ¶hoyne (Abd. 1925 A. Murison Rosehearty Rhymes 8); ¶heen. Also quasi-dim. ne.Sc. form hindie(s), gen. in children's usage (Abd. 1940 C. Gavin Hostile Shore iii., Abd. 1957). See -Die. [həɪn]

I. adv. 1. Of place: hence, away, far (off), at a distance (Sc. 1710 T. Ruddiman Gl. to Douglas Aeneis, hyne; Rnf.1 c.1920; Ork. 1922 J. Firth Reminisc. 152; Ork., ne.Sc., m.Lth. 1957). Sc. 1724  Ramsay T.-T. Misc. 160:
Far hind out o'er the lee, Fou snug in a glen, where nane cou'd see.
Kcb. 1789  D. Davidson Seasons 5:
Far 'hind unto his nest [he flies] and, 'fore his mate, Lays the delicious meltit.
Sc. 1800  Fair Mary of Wallington in
Child Ballads No. 91. iii.:
And a' was for her Ladie Maisry, To take her hyne and hyne.
ne.Sc. 1836  J. Grant Tales 62:
I lichtet o' the croon o' my head hynd oot owre amo' the stanes.
Ags. 1894  People's Friend (27 Aug.):
A' thing is as well as could be, save maybe the fields hind by Afflochy.
Bnff. 1907  Banffshire Jnl. (22 Sept. 1953):
They nott a thirdsman an' hid hyne tae Turra tae sen' for 'im.
ne.Sc. 1922  P. Macgillivray Bog Myrtle 47:
It's just yer eident workin' wit That drives ye hyne an' thither.
Abd. 1950  Banffshire Jnl. (1 Aug.):
I lookit for a fine saft mossy bank, fan I wis hindie up, tae come canny doon and licht on.

2. Of time: far on, late (ne.Sc. 1957). Bnff. 1927  E. S. Rae Hansel fae Hame 50:
It's hine in the day — he's hiein' for hame.

3. Combs. and Phrs.: (1) hine awa', far away, at a great distance (Ags. 1808 Jam., hyne; Ork., ne.Sc., Ags. (hind), m.Lth. 1957); also used adj. = distant; (2) hyne till (to), as far as (Abd. 1825 Jam.); (3) hynd-wynd, straight forward, directly. See Wynd. (1) Edb. 1773  Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) II. 88:
But hyn awa' to Edinbrough scoured she To get a making o' her fav'rite tea.
Abd. 1826  D. Anderson Poems 29:
Since the broolzie o' Waterloo, An' Bony was banish'd hyne awa.
Abd. 1871  W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xlix.:
There's to be nae mair ca'in awa' to hyne awa' kirks.
Ork. 1920  H. Campbell Island Folk Song 8:
It seemed tae me The warld war big, and a' we say O wir neighbours' faults seems hinaway.
Abd. 1938  Weekly Scotsman (1 Jan.) 2:
To hyne-awa' days, fond memories cling.
(3) Rxb. 1825  Jam.:
He went hynd-wynd to the apples, just after I forbade him.

II. n. Departure. Only in phr. (a) merry hyne to ye, = go to the devil and a good riddance to you. Also merry ma hyne to ye, id. (Abd.30 1957). Abd. 1825  Jam.:
A merry hyne to ye, is a mode of bidding good b'ye to one, when the speaker is in a ill humour; as equivalent to “Pack off with you.”
Abd. 1926  Abd. Univ. Review (March) 114:
Ye can waid oot o' this yoursel' or 'an droon. Merry hin' tae ye.

[O.Sc. hyne, hence, away, from 1375, North.Mid.Eng. hyne, contracted from an earlier hethen, O.N. heðan, hence, with assimilation of the vowel to Syne ( < O.N. siðan). The form hind is due to confusion with hind s.v. Hint.]

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"Hyne adv., n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 13 Nov 2019 <>



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