Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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HOPE, n.1 Also †hop, houp; †hoip (Twd. 1887 Jam.); whope (s.Sc. 1787 Burns Border Jnl. (Fitzhugh 1943) 122). [hop, ‡xwʌp, †huəp]

1. A small upland valley or hollow enclosed at the upper end by green hills or ridges (Lth., s.Sc. 1808 Jam.; s.Sc. 1957). Also in n.Eng. dial. Very common in Border place-names, e.g. Hopehouse, Kershope, Hobkirk, Phaup (Fawhope), Hislop (Hazelhope), etc. Combs. hope-fit (s.Sc. 1825 Jam.), hope-heid (Lth., s.Sc. 1808 Jam.). Abd. p.1768 A. Ross Fortunate Shep. MS. III. 121:
And wi auld Dick thro' hill and houp did gang As happy as the summer day was lang.
s.Sc. a.1784 G. Caw Poet. Museum 195:
He's guided them o'er moss and muir, — O'er hill and houp, and mony ae down.
Slk. 1794 T. Johnston Agric. Slk. 8:
By the hills being everywhere intersected by small burns, glens or hollows are formed, provincially called hopes, which are of great advantage in sheep-walks, as they afford shelter in stormy weather.
Sc. 1862 J. Brown Horae Subs. (1882) 244:
We listened for the hunt, but could only hear the wind sobbing from the blind “Hopes.”
Lnk. 1910 C. Fraser Glengonnar 12:
Them in the hope, at the far end o' the hirsel' maun be gethered and brocht nearer han' hame.
s.Sc. 1923 A. Lang Poet. Wks. I. 29:
Through glen and heugh, and hope and shaw.

2. A hill (Rxb. 1957). Also found in n.Eng. dial. Peb. 1715 A. Pennecuik Works (1815) 50:
Hills are variously named, according to their magnitude; as . . . Kaim, Bank, Hope.
Kcb. 1911 Crockett Rose of the Wilderness i.:
High above all were heathery knowes and hopes looking down so as to keep a hill girl from feeling lonesome.

[O.Sc. in place-names c.1190, in liter. texts from c.1420 = 1.; n.mid.Eng. hope (a.1400); O.E. hop, a piece of enclosed land. Hill and hope occurs as a liter. phr. from 1535.]

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"Hope n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 13 Jun 2021 <>



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