Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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HAME, n., adv., adj., v. Also haim (Sc. 1808 Jam.); haem (Sh. 1891 J. Burgess Rasmie's Buddie 6); hem (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.); him (Sh. 1949 New Shetlander No. 19. 35); heem (Ork. 1929 Marw.); hyim(m), heyime, heame, hehym (Rxb.); ¶haam (Dmf. 1731 Gentleman's Mag. 125). Sc. forms and usages of Eng. home. [Sc. hem, Sh. hɛm, Ork. him, Rxb. hjɛm. See P.L.D. §§ 32.1, 164.1, 97.4.]

I. n. In Argyll, the town of Campbeltown and surrounding district. Cf. doon hame, of Dumfries, s.v. Doon and Hamebider. Arg.1 1930:
Campbeltown is always regarded and spoken of as “home,” even when the reference is to a stranger, e.g. “She'll be home soon for her furniture.”

II. adv. 1. At home. Edb. a.1730 A. Pennecuik Poems (1787) 32:
Hame at their awn town let them bide.
Ork. 1880 Dennison Sketch-Bk. 2:
Hid wad hae been better for dem, I tink, gin dey bidden heem.
Sc. 1887 Stevenson Underwoods 79:
Cryin' to ken whaur deil ye are, Hame, France, or Flanders.
Sh. 1906 T. P. Ollason Spindrift 15:
“What knife means doo?” . . . “Da peerie broon haandled een 'at Faeder left hame.”

2. (1) With reference to birth: into the world, with bring (Abd., Ags., Fif., Rnf., Ayr., Kcb., Dmf., Slk. 1956), fesh (Abd., Kcb. 1956), get, of the mother, midwife or doctor; with come (Ayr., Dmf. 1956), †spring, of the child; (2) with reference to employment: into service, with come, enter, gae, gang (n.Sc., Fif., m.Lth., sm.Sc. 1956); (3) with reference to tenancy: into a lease, with come. (1) Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 6:
The dentyest wean bony Jane fuish hame.
Ags. 1790 D. Morison Poems 191:
Cathrine falls o'er, and hame she brings anither.
Slg. 1804 G. Galloway Luncarty 58:
Twa waly chaps sprung hame, twa lovely boys.
Ayr. a.1851 A. Aitken Poems (1873) 7:
His only son Was gotten hame, an' by him christen'd John.
Lnk. 1888 R. Young Love at Plough 13:
A comin' hame an' then the doctor's bill Means some expense.
Gall. 1888 G. Sproat Dalma Linn 58:
There's a wee bit stranger boy cam' hame, An' she's prood as prood can be.
Kcb. 1897 T. Murray Frae the Heather 41:
And she has ten lammies fetched hame.
Ayr. 1901 G. Douglas Green Shutters xxv.:
As John Gourla' rode through the storm for a doctor to bring hame his heir.
Sc. 1948 D. Macmillan Not Scot Free vii.:
He's a fine man, our doctor, and won't return till all's by and the wean safe hame.
(2) Sc. 1700 G. Turnbull Diary (S.H.S. 1893) 391:
My wife aggried with a nurse to her daughter Marion, and she entered home.
Abd. 1752 Monymusk Papers (S.H.S.) 240:
Desireing that he might be decerned to enter home to serve him as a harvest servant.
Slk. 1829 Hogg Shep. Cal. (1874) viii.:
Among the servants that came home at the next term, was one who called himself Merodach.
Cai. 1869 M. MacLennan Peasant Life 112:
And Bella went “home” to Lowestyle at once.
ne.Sc. 1884 D. Grant Lays 92:
He was so sly an' douce, Until a sonsie pawky quean Cam' hame to keep his house.
Gall. 1888 G. Sproat Dalma Linn 228:
Sae, lasses, whene'er ye gang hame to a place, Dinna gang scowlin' roun' wi' a thraw on your face.
Abd. 1947 per Abd.27:
I was jist new come hame to the dress-makin, fan my fader dee't.
(3) Abd.27 1946:
The siller he had to pey, when he cam' hame.

III. Combs.: 1. hame-aboot, at home, gen. in reference to a stay-at-home (Ork.5 1956). Also, homely (Sh. 1956); 2. hame-airted, directed homewards; 3. hame-come, return, arrival (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Cai. 1902 E.D.D.; Sh., Abd. 1956); 4. hame-comin(g), a coming-home, esp. the festivities taking place on the arrival of a bride at her new home (Sc. 1899 Mont.-Fleming, -cumming; Cai. 1902 E.D.D.; Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928), hemkomin). Gen.Sc.; also applied to a birth (Abd., Fif., Ayr., Gall., Dmf., Slk. 1956). Cf. II. 2. (1). Found in Eng. dial.; 5. hame-draw(i)n, keenly alive to the interests of oneself or one's home (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 74, -drawn; Kcb. c.1916, -drawin; Arg., Dmf. 1956); selfish (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B., hyim-drawn). Cf. Hame-drauchtit, id.; 6. hame-duin, -dane, -deen, home-made (Abd., Fif. 1956); 7. hame-fare, heem-, hemfer, the journey of a bride to her new home after the wedding (Sc. 1808 Jam., hame-fare), the festivities on that occasion (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928), 1914 Angus Gl., hemfer; Ork. 1929 Marw., heemfare; I.Sc. 1956). Cf. Infare, id.; 8. hame-farin', staying at home (Sc. 1899 Mont.-Fleming; Sh., wm.Sc. 1956); 9. hame-folk, family, relatives (Sh. 1956); 10. hamegaun, (1) vbl.n., return (journey), the act of going home (Abd., Fif., Dmf. 1956); hence applied to death or to the burial of the dead (Abd.7 1925; Sh., Abd., Fif., m.Lth., Dmf. 1956). Also used attrib.; (2) ppl.adj. homeward going, returning home (Sh., Abd., Kcb., Rxb. 1956); 11. home-house, see quot.; 12. hame-lited, home dyed. See Lit; 13. hame-made, (1) n., a home-made article (m.Lth., Arg., Ayr., Rxb. 1956); (2) adj., homely, rustic, rude, unrefined (Sh., Abd., Fif., Gall., Rxb. 1956); 14. hame-through, -trow, straight homewards (Sc. 1825 Jam.; Sh. 1956); 15. hame-wan, towards home. See Wan. 2. Slg. 1885 W. Towers Poems 180:
I pray ilka nicht let your thochts be hame-airted.
4. Sc. 1772 H. Mackenzie Man of the World II. ix.:
The maid sat up to wait their home coming.
Sc. 1819 Scott Bride of Lamm. xii.:
Ye maun stay his hame-coming.
Ags. 1822 A. Balfour Farmers' Three Daughters IV. viii.:
That's for my ain dram. I sall tak' anither i' the hame-comin,.
Uls. 1894 Daily News (12 Nov.) 5:
The homecoming of the Marquis of Hamilton and his bride to the ancestral home of the Abercorn family.
Fif. 1905 S. Tytler Daughter of the Manse iv. iv.:
Weel, what mair naitural than that a man should want to hear a' the particulars of his hamecoming?
Sh. 1918 T. Manson Peat Comm. I. 81:
Bit he most hev somethin fur his haem-comin. Da boy hed been awa six year an tree monts.
5. Arg.1 1931:
A nice kindly man in his way, but aalways hame-draain. I'm no much cairin' for thae hame-draain folk: ye nuvver ken when ye hae them.
6. Fif. 1956:
One would say of the scones and cakes on a table that “It's a' hame-duin,” meaning home-made, home-baked.
7. Abd. 1826 D. Anderson Poems 36:
Their merry homefair I remind, When their blythe tenantry conven'd . . . To welcome them.
Ork. 1922 J. Firth Reminisc. 72:
When the bride shifted to her new home her first duty was to entertain her relatives and most intimate friends to a party. This was called the “hame-fare.”
9. Sc. 1917 D. G. Mitchell Clachan Kirk 52:
The braw fellows in his coort, an' a' his hame-folk i' the palace.
10. (1) Lnk. c.1779 D. Graham Writings (1883) II. 61:
I took a sudden blast o' the hame gawn, an' was never so near dead in my life.
Ags. 1825 Jam.:
It is said ironically, when one meets with something very disagreeable on one's return, “I gat a bonny walcom for my hamegäin.”
Gsw. 1879 A. G. Murdoch Rhymes 41:
If God's will has ordered my hame-gaun this nicht.
Ayr. 1887 J. Service Dr Duguid 134:
He waunered in the hame-gaun.
em.Sc. 1909 J. Black Melodies 28:
The hame-gaun 'oor is sweet.
Lnk. 1919 G. Rae Clyde and Tweed 16:
The souter airts his hamegaun wi' an unco drucken bend.
(2) Gsw. 1877 A. G. Murdoch Laird's Lykewake 59:
Croonin', as he gaed, a hame-gaun sonnet.
11. Sc. 1824 Scots Mag. (April) 404:
Her's was a home-house, or house-of-call, on a Sabbath-day, to most of the farmers' daughters around.
12. Bnff. 1861 Banffshire Jnl. (26 Nov.) 7:
Wi' our fingers like sticks, an' our noses as blue As the leg o' a hame-lited stockin.
13. (1) Abd. 1847 W. Thom Rhymes 72:
An' saft the pillow to the fat man's pow — Sae fleecy an' warm the guid “hame-made.”
(2) Rxb. 1917 Kelso Chron. (9 Sept.) 2:
Lauder is a gey hame-made place, but gey siccar.
14. Sh. 1930 Shetland Almanac 196:
We took da gait hame-trow neest day.
Sh. 1949 J. Gray Lowrie 21:
I wid need ta be makkin' hametrow if A'm tinkin' ta du ony grace i' da cobblin' line da nicht.
15. Sc. 1935 D. Rorie Lum Hat 26:
The kirk skailt, an' traivellin' hamewan At Sabbath-like pace.

IV. Phrs.: 1. f(r)ae hame, out of one's element, strange, lost, lit. and fig. (Abd.27 1920; Bnff., Abd., Ags., Dmf. 1956); 2. to come hame, to arrive at one's destination (Sh., Ags. 1956); 3. to gae (gang) hame, to die (Abd., Ags., Fif., Dmf., Rxb. 1956); 4. to get hame, to import (Ork., Arg. 1956); 5. to pay hame, to pay back, requite, retaliate on, to punish (‡Sh. 1956). Obs. in Eng. 1. Abd. 1952 Huntly Express (6 June):
The new occupiers of farms will be a bittie fae hame kine for a week or twa.
Slk. 1956 Southern Reporter (11 Oct.) 4:
Nothing looks more frae-hame than stooks sitting among snaw.
2. Arg.1 1932:
Four singers were booked for the concert last night but only three cam home.
3. Sc. 1816 Scott Antiquary xxxii.:
But ye are sure your mother, the Lady Countess, is gane hame?
Rnf. 1879 D. Gilmour Pen' Folk 67:
I miss the wee lassie with the brown hair, and conclude that she has gone Home.
Fif. 1886 G. Bruce Poems 203:
He said he was “wearying to gang hame!” meaning to the grave.
4. Wgt. 1709 Session Bk. Glasserton MS. (10 Feb.):
The minister reports he hes gott home eight ells of plush and a fringe conform for a mort cloath.
Arg.1 1932:
Are these local strawberries? No, I got them home (i.e. imported them).
5. em.Sc. 1706 Mare of Collingtoun in Watson Choice Coll. i. 49:
Then she that Sum right thankfullie Should pay them hame again.
m.Lth. 1811 H. Macneill Bygane Times 36:
Gude faith! ye pay'd him hame, my cock!

Hame n., adv., adj., v.

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"Hame n., adv., adj., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 22 Sep 2020 <>



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