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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1956 (SND Vol. IV). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.

HAGBERRY, n. Also hackberry (Per. 1736–7 List of trees in Atholl MSS.; Ags. 1808 Jam.; Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B., Ags. 1956); hawk-berry (Slg. 1886 B. & H. 245); haklberry (Per. 1965 Scots Mag. (March) 530). The bird cherry, Prunus padus (Sc. 1777 J. Lightfoot Flora Scotica I. 253, Lnk. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 XV. 25; Bnff. 1880 J. F. S. Gordon Chrons. Keith 291; Nai. 1900 R. Thomson Nat. Hist. Highl. Par. 27; Mry. 1935 J. Burgess Flora Mry. 9, Abd., Kcb., Dmf. 1956). Also in n.Eng. dial. [n.Sc. hɑg-, sm.Sc. hɑk-]Abd. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 XI. 191:
There is some natural wood along the banks of the Don and the Bogie, consisting of aller, birch, and some hagberry.
Sc. 1818 in Lockhart Scott xl.:
Tom is very costive about trees, and talks only of 300 poplars. I shall send at least double that number; also some hag-berries.
Gall. 1822 Scots Mag. (Aug.) 228:
Blaeberries, wild strawberries, rasps, hack-berries, sloes, nuts.
Bwk. 1853 G. Johnston Botany E. Borders 58:
The shrub is called Hackwood, and the fruit Hackberry or Hagberry.
Ayr. 1872 Sc. Naturalist 54:
In Ayrshire we find the Crab-apple (Pyrus Malus) called the Scribe-tree, and the Bird-cherry (Prunus Padus), Hagberry.

[E.M.E. 1597, hegberrie, O.N. heggr, mod. Dan. hœg, Sw. hägg, id.]

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"Hagberry n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 Sep 2022 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/hagberry>

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