Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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HAE, v.1, n.1 Sc. forms and usages of Eng. have. See P.L.D. § 70.1. [Sc. he:, ne., em.Sc., Dmf. + hɪv, Ags., Uls. + hɛv, Arg. + he:v, Cai. + he1v]

I. v. A. Sc. forms:

1. Inf.: as 1st person sing. pr.t., and also in reduced form a, in unstressed position after aux. v. and freq. joined thereto (Per. 1716 T. L. K. Oliphant Lairds of Gask (1870) 55; Sc. 1718 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 67; Abd. 1929 J. Alexander Mains & Hilly 132). See Micht, Wad, etc.

2. Pr.t.: (1) 1st person sing.: ha(e) (Gen.Sc.); he (Sh. 1836 Gentleman's Mag. II. 592–3); 'e (Kcb. 1901 Trotter Gall. Gossip 54); hiv(v) (Hdg. 1903 J. Lumsden Toorle 202; Bnff., Abd., Ags., Fif., Dmf. 1956); hive (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 33); hev (Mry. 1927 E. B. Levack Lossiemouth 19; Ags., Arg., Uls. 1956); (2) 2nd person sing.: hes (Sh. 1919 T. Manson Peat Comm. II. 236); hees (Sh.); his (Ork. 1905 Dennison Wedding Customs 25); (3) 3rd person sing.: his (Rnf. 1873 D. Gilmour Pen' Folk 45; Ags., Ayr. 1956); hes (Uls. 1897 A. M'Ilroy Lint in the Bell 59; Rxb. 1915 Kelso Chron. (10 Dec.) 4; Ags., Uls. 1956); hiz (Abd. 1924 Swatches o' Hamespun 57); haes (Abd. 1923 J. R. Imray Village Roupie 29; Sh. 1956); hees (Sh. 1956); †hess (Rxb. 1716 Trans. Hawick Arch. Soc. (1914) 25); (4) 1st person pl.: hiv, hae (Gen.Sc.); haes (Sh. 1918 T. Manson Peat Comm. I. 152); hez (Sh. 1836 Gentleman's Mag. II. 590, Sh. 1956); (5) 2nd person pl.: hiv, hae (Gen.Sc.); hev m.Lth. 1894 W. G. Stevenson Puddin' 64; Mry. 1927 E. B. Levack Lossiemouth 15; Rxb. 1927 E. C. Smith Braid Haaick 9; Ags. 1956); heh (Rxb. 1927 E. C. Smith Braid Haaick 7); (6) 3rd person pl.: hae (Gen.Sc.); also hiv (Id.); hev (Edb. 1895 J. Tweeddale Moff 205; Lnk. 1923 G. Rae 'Mang Lowland Hills 20; Uls. 1956); †haes (Kcb. 1901 Trotter Gall. Gossip 157); hiz (ne.Sc. 1881 W. Gregor Folk-Lore 130); †hes (Lnk. 1707 Minutes J.P.s (S.H.S.) 5); †hase (Sc. 1745 S.C. Misc. (1841) 404); The form hiv is most commonly employed emphatically or interrogatively, esp. in ne.Sc. The neg. suffix -na(e) is freq. affixed to these forms, hae na, etc. becoming freq. hinna (Ags. 1889 Barrie W. in Thrums v.; Bnff., Abd., Ags., wm.Sc. 1956), hanna (Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 34; Edb. 1931 E. Albert Herrin' Jennie 178); henna (w.Sc. 1887 Jam.; Lnk. 1919 G. Rae Clyde & Tweed 86; Rxb. 1927 E. C. Smith Braid Haaick 4), hinnae, -y (em. and sm.Sc.).

3. Pa.t.: had; †haid (Sc. a.1714 Earls Crm. (Fraser 1876) II. 474); hid (Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond B. Bowden (1922) 13; Abd. 1926 Abd. Univ. Review (July) 224; Bnff., Abd., Ags., Fif., Ayr. 1956); hed (Hdg. 1892 J. Lumsden Sheep-Head 295; Cai. 1909 D. Houston 'E Silkie Man 3; Rxb. 1927 E. C. Smith Braid Haaick 9; Sh. 1956); hud (sm.Sc.); haed (Abd. 1923 J. R. Imray Village Roupie 30); hedd. Neg. -na.

4. Pr.p., vbl.n.: ha(e)in(g), haen (Gen.Sc.); hevan (Cai. 1928 John o' Groat Jnl. (10 Feb.)); pa.p. (1) Strong: haen (Lnk. c.1779 D. Graham Writings (1883) II. 9; n.Sc. 1956); hain (Bwk. 1897 R. M. Calder Poems 68); hin, unstressed (Abd. 1956); hane (Per. 1816 J. Duff Poems 10; Bnff. 1927 E. S. Rae Hansel fae Hame 46); heen (Ork. 1880 Dennison Sketch-Bk. 44; ne.Sc. 1956); (2) Strong-Weak: hedden (Cai. 1929 John o' Groat Jnl. (13 Dec.); Ags. 1956); (3) Weak: haed (Abd. 1909 J. Tennant Jeannie Jaffray 6); hed (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.); hedd (Sh. 1956); hid (ne.Sc. 1956); had.

B. Sc. usages:

1. (1) Imper. Mood: hae (Sc.); hyeh, hyih, hyae (Rxb.). Used absolutely, along with the action of proferring something, in the sense of “here!”, “take this!” Gen.Sc. Now obs. in Eng. Sc. 1721 J. Kelly Proverbs 133:
Hae will a deaf Man hear.
Sc. 1728 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) II. 80:
While Love does at his Altar stand, Hae there's my Heart, gi'e me thy Hand.
Ayr. 1786 Burns Auld Mare i.:
A Guid New-Year I wish you Maggie! Hae, there's a ripp to thy auld baggie.
Bnff. 1847 A. Cumming Tales (1896) 93:
Hae, tak that, an' be aff wi' you.
Uls. 1879 W. G. Lyttle Readings 81:
She hel' it up till my mooth, an' sez she, “Hae!”
Ags. 1888 Barrie Auld Licht Idylls viii.:
“Hae, Bell,” said Sanders, handing the bag to Bell.
Kcb. 1893 Crockett Stickit Minister 77:
A laddie met me at the gate “You're the minister that preached the day — hae!” says he. It was a note frae somebody I didna ken.
Sc. 1896 Stevenson W. of Hermiston v.:
To the son that raised him he gave the bag of money. “Hae,” said he.
Abd. 1917 C. Murray Sough o' War 37:
Hae, Briggie, pass the snuff; Ye winna hinner lang wi' me, an' speer a lot o' buff.
Sh. 1951 Sh. Folk Bk. II. 65:
Here boy an hae boy dat maks a gjüd boy.

(2) Subj. Mood, in phrs.: (a) hiv (hae) a care o' me (us), an exclamation of surprise (Abd.4 1931). Also contracted form hevicaries (Edb. 1895 J. Tweeddale Moff 24); (b) sae hae me, I can assure you (lit. so (may the devil) have me). (b) Ork. 1904 Dennison Sketches 2:
Sae hae me, I never heard sic a rumpis o' noise.

2. Phrs.: (1) to be well had, to be well off (Ayr., Uls. 1956); (2) to have at ill-will, to dislike; (3) to hae had or haen (something) to do, to have been compelled or predetermined by fate to take a certain course of action (Abd., Ags., Slg. 1956); (4) to hae easy, — guid, — ill, (and similar adjs. implying ease, advantage, difficulty, etc.), followed by the gerund, to be able to . . . with ease, etc. (Sh., ne.Sc., Ags. 1956). See Easy, Guid, Ill; (5) to hae up, to renounce, withdraw. (1) Ayr. 1790 J. Fisher Poems 78:
We're weel had that's in aff the hight, At this bra' meikle ingle.
(2) Slk. 1829 Hogg Shep. Cal. (1874) vi.:
He has had us at ill-will for several generations.
(3) Sc. 1825 Jam.:
He had ha'en that to do, often implying the idea of necessity; a dangerous and delusory mode of expression, commonly used as a kind of apology for crime, as if it were especially to be charged to destiny.
(4) Ayr. 1870 J. K. Hunter Life Studies xi.:
I have ill getting down and worse getting up.
Abd. 1875 G. Macdonald Malcolm xlviii.:
God forgie ye . . . for I hae ill duin' 't!
Abd. 1892 J. Smith Hame-spun Rhymes 56:
When the sea was rough, an' they'd ill gettin' in, He aye was among the foremost to rin.
Ags. 1893 Arbroath Guide (11 Feb.) 4:
I hae had gae ill tholin' 't withoot fleein' up in a flist o' a passion.
Abd. 1913 G. Greig Mains Again 8:
He's easier wantin' his siller than me.
Ags. 1932 Barrie Julie Logan v.:
He fell head foremost into sleep, and I had ill rousing him.
Abd.27 1956:
He has ill traivellin wi his sair fit. Ye've easier deein't nor me. Ye've better seein sma print nor me.
(5) Ayr. 1714 Ayr Presb. Rec. MS. (3 March):
The provest demanded, that seeing he had given in the Call upon condition if the presbytrie concurred not with it he might have it up, and therefor desyred it might be given up.

3. Sometimes omitted after conditional aux. v. before pa.p., esp. in neg. sentences when the former is suffixed by neg. -na. Gen.Sc. Sc. 1721 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 180:
There is a Person well I ken Might wi' the best gane right far ben.
Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 4:
What wad I geen, that thou hadst put thy thumb, Upo' the well tauld tale, till I had come.
Rnf. 1788 E. Picken Poems 64:
Ae carle wadna car't a feg To shorn awa' anither's leg.
Ayr. 1793 Burns Grose's Peregrinations v.:
It's tauld he was a sodger bred, And ane wad rather fa'n than fled.
Per. 1802 S. Kerr Poems 18:
Ay, first indeed, they did begin, As if they soon wad haen ye done.
Abd. 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xix.:
But I wud not latt'n them say't.
Ags. 1894 J. B. Salmond My Man Sandy (1899) xiv.:
I wudda gien a pound note juist to gotten a richt straucht-forrit fecht.
Mry. 1897 J. Mackinnon Braefoot Sk. 68:
A couldna get it tae the road again tho' A sud niver deen mair.
Ork. 1911 Old-Lore Misc. IV. iv. 184:
Thu sees hid wis a toon bae hidsel awa amang da hills, an' even ither Birsa fok at sad kent better wad sain at hid was meed late on a Setterdae night.

4. In modal use: with to (tae) followed by inf. in place of pa.p. Gen. in unfulfilled conditional sentences in past time (Ags., Arg., Kcb. 1956). e.Dmf.2 1917:
Hey hed to gan o' Monday but hey couldna get = He was to have gone (by invitation). If the water had to boil too quickly.
Arg.1 1930:
If it had tae be rainin we couldn't ha gone. If she had tae recover she wad hae bin a big help tae him.

5. To put, bring, take, convey, send (ne., wm.Sc., Kcb. 1956). Now arch. in Eng. Phrs.: to hae oot ower, to have over, to carry over, transfer (Sc. 1825 Jam.); to hae tee tull, to combine with, add to (something) (ne.Sc. 1956). Fif. 1704 P.S.A.S. LVI. 59:
When she heard Mr Logan speak against the witches, she thought that he was daft, and she had up her stool to go out of the kirk.
Bnff. 1713 W. Cramond Ch. Deskford (1885) 15:
The officer is ordered to receive five ells of harn cloath, and have it to some tayleor, and cause him make a sackcloath of it.
Sc. 1811 Edb. Annual Reg. lxxii.:
Mrs B. has her compliments to you.
Abd. a.1880 W. Robbie Yonderton (1929) 73:
We've hid oot ower the secks t' the lan', an' we're ready to begin t' saw.
Sc. 1889 Stevenson M. Ballantrae vi.:
A little later he was had to bed.
Abd. 1928 Abd. Wkly Jnl. (8 Aug.) 6:
I some doot we're some greedy for lan' an' never lat the little placies be tull we hae them tee tull wir ain fairms.

6. To go, followed by preps. after, wi' (Ags.19 1956). Now obs. in Eng. Sc. 1782 J. Sinclair Ob. Sc. Dial. 34:
Have with you. I'll go with you.
Fif. 1894 D. S. Meldrum Margrédel xvii.:
When I tell't him Maister Oliphant was awa' to Kemback, he would ha'e after him.

7. To credit, believe, think (‡Abd. 1956). Also with o't = Eng. phr. would you believe it! Sc. 1867 N. Macleod Starling I. ii.:
Weel, what hae ye o't, but ane o' they parrots, or Kickcuckkoo birds . . . had been brocht hame by Willy's brither's son . . . and didna this cratur cry oot “Stap yer blethers!” just ahint the minister.
Abd. 1880 G. Webster Crim. Officer 68:
He was ane o' the itineratin' tailors o' “the aul' school” tee, if ye'll hae 't.
Arg.1 1930:
But what wad ye hae o't: did he no go an dae the very opposite o' what I thocht he wad dae.

II. n. Sing.: hae, hiv. Pl.: †haves.

1. Property, possessions (Sc. 1802 J. Sibbald Chron. Sc. Poetry Gl., haves; Abd. 1808 Jam., hae). Gen. found in conjunction with another n. in such a phr. as hae and heal, similar in meaning to Eng. health and wealth. Abd. a.1807 J. Skinner Amusements (1809) 92:
And pray the Lord may ever gie you, Baith hae and heal!
Bnff. 1871 Banffshire Jnl. (29 Aug.) 6:
Brethren . . . be your portion hae an' heal.

2. Used in phrs. in contrast to want = a possession of material things or mental powers (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Ork., Uls. 1956). Lnk. 1910 C. Fraser Glengonnar 81:
He was a queer chiel, Duncan McRae, and had a “ha'e” as weel as a “want,” as the sayin' gangs.
Ork. 1920 J. Firth Reminisc. 131:
The irregularity of these supplies kept the recipients in a continual state of “a hae an' a want.”
Abd.4 1928:
Guide hiv, wint guides itsel'.

[O.Sc. has forms without v from mid 16th c., e.g., ha, from 1560, and hae, from 1570.]

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"Hae v.1, n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 27 Jan 2022 <>



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