Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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FAUSE, adj., n., v. Also fa(a)s(e), ¶fausse. Sc. forms and usages of Eng. false. See P.L.D. § 78. Hence †faucity, falsity (Sc. 1806 R. Jamieson Pop. Ballads II. 238), fausehood, fauselie (-ly), fauseness.

I. adj. 1. Addicted to insincere flattery, cajoling (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl., faas; Sh.10 1950).

2. In combs.: (a) false band, an imperfect bond in a drystone dyke; (b) fause craws' nest, a witches' broom or dense tuft of twigs on tree branches attacked by fungus; (c) fause-face, a mask. Gen.Sc.; (d) fause-hoose, a conical structure of wooden props built inside a corn stack to facilitate drying (Kcd. 1813 G. Robertson Agric. Kcd. 265; Bnff.2, Abd.2, Ags.17, Fif.13, Arg.1, Lnk.11, Kcb.10, Dmf. 1945). Cf. Boss, n. (a) Dmf. 1812  R. Singer Agric. Dmf. 150:
The builder [of Galloway dykes] may hasten his work so as not to found it well, nor pack it sufficiently, to put in what are called false bands, and neither to dress nor to place the stones with sufficient care.
(b) Crm. 1854  H. Miller Schools iii.:
Vegetable monstrosities of the commoner kind, such as “fause craws' nests,” and flattened twigs of pine.
(c) Sc. 1821  Blackwood's Mag. (Dec.) 692:
Young men and boys . . . in antic habiliments and masks (called fause-faces).
Slg. 1827  W. Hone Everyday Book II. 18:
The grand affair among the boys in the town [Falkirk] is to provide themselves with fausse faces or masks; and those with crooked horns and beards are in greatest demand. A high paper cap, with one of their great-grandfather's antique coats, then equips them as a guisard — they thus go about the shops seeking their hogmenay.
Hdg. 1896  J. Lumsden Battle of Dunbar 46:
Fause-faces on, and sarks they don Abune their coats an' breeks.
(d) Ayr. 1786  Burns Halloween vi.:
Her tap-pickle maist was lost When kiutlin in the fause-house Wi' him that night.
Gall. 1924  Scots Mag. (Nov.) 100:
Squeekin' like rats frae a fause hoose.

II. n. = Fause-face. See I. 2. (c) above. Fif. 1898  “S. Tytler” Mrs Carmichael's Goddesses vii.:
Faith! she was right, only I should have had a fause to keep off remonstrating friends.

III. v. To flatter insincerely (Sh.11 1953). Sometimes with up. Of a dog, to fawn. Sh. 1891  J. Burgess Rasmie's Büddie 63:
Da same as tunder wis his growl, He widna faase aboot a sowl.
Sh. 1950 12 :
He was faasin him up.

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"Fause adj., n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 25 May 2019 <>



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