Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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DUMP, v., n.1

1. v.

(1) To beat, thump, kick, push (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928); Sh. 1949; Ags. 1808 Jam.; Ags.17, Fif.13, Arg.1, Lnk.11, Kcb.10 1941; Slk. 1949). Also in n.Eng. dial. Edb. 1843 J. Ballantine Gaberlunzie's Wallet, Intro. 12:
He thumpit the blacksmith hame to his wife; He dumpit the butcher, wha ran for his life.
Hdg. 1876 J. Teenan Song and Satire 24:
The pan wi' richt guidwull they dumpit.
Lnk. 1929 Scots Observer (31 Oct.) 14:
This Gallowgate audience forgot to dump its feet to the rhythm.

Hence dumper, (a) “a tool for keeping a bore-hole circular” (Sc. 1886 J. Barrowman Sc. Mining Terms 26; Edb.6 1944); a tool used in paving roads, a rammer (m.Sc. 1950); (b) used fig. for a foot or leg. (a) Ayr. 1890 J. Service Notandums 12:
He brocht doon his beetle o' a nieve on the buird wi' a daud like Sanny McAtee's cause'y dumper.
(b) Lnk. 1893 J. Crawford Sc. Verses 11:
An' the soon' o' his twa bittle dumpers, Gaun stumpin' at nicht thro' the flure.

(2) To walk with a short, heavy step, to stump (Fif. 1825 Jam.2; Cai. 1900 E.D.D.; Kcb.1 1941); gen. used with about. Also in Eng. dial.

†(3) In the game of marbles: to give the loser a number of blows with the marbles on the knuckles of his closed fist (Fif. 1825 Jam.2). Ayr. 1887 J. Service Dr Duguid 185:
It seems to me but as yesterday or last week when I was a happy wee callan . . . sitting on my hunkers playing at the bools, and getting my knuckles dumpit at the taw.

2. n.

(1) A dull, quick blow, a thump, a thud (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928); Abd.27 1950); a blow on the knuckles given to the loser at marbles, see v., (3) (Fif. 1825 Jam.2). Also used adv. (Bnff.2, Slg.3, Kcb.10 1941). Sc. 1821 Blackwood's Mag. (Aug.) 36:
Golf is played also by young as well as old gentlemen; and running the gauntrice or gauntlet is a punishment frequently inflicted on the least dexterous, as dumps are on the knuckles of those who are unsuccessful at bowls.
Edb. 1812 P. Forbes Poems 61:
Pate next unto the gun did jump, Thinkin' the mark to gi'e a dump.
Dmf. 1847 R. Chambers Pop. Rhymes 224:
Syne down she came again, dump on her shoe-heels.

(2) “A term used by boys playing at ball” (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl.).

(3) A commotion in the sea (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928)).

(4) In pl.: (a) a thrashing, a punishment (Edb.1 1941); (b) (see quot.). (b) Rs. 1944 C. M. Maclean Farewell to Tharrus 25:
Getting what they called their “dumps” is a great ceremony with these children from the south. Every one they call Friend gives them their “dumps” on a birthday, the kind of “dumps” administered varying according to the giver. . . . Cordelia's “dumps” consisted of lifting Kennie off the ground and making him touch the kitchen flags with his toes ten times.

[O.Sc. has dump, to thump, 1575; rare O.N. dumpa, to push, strike, kick, Norw. dump, to fall suddenly, to walk heavily; a fall, a gust of wind.]

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"Dump v., n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 27 Sep 2021 <>



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