Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
DOOL, DULE, n.1, adj., v.1 Also †doul, dul(l), dol(e), deul, dill, †dael, †doole. [dul Sc., but døl I., m., s.Sc., dɪl Lth., Ayr., del Bwk.]
1. Grief, sorrow, misery; suffering. Formerly Gen.Sc. but now rare exc. poet. Occas. in pl. Also in n.Eng. dial.
Sc. 1824 Scott Redgauntlet Letter xi.:
Muckle was the dool and care that came o't to my gudesire. Sc. 1874 A. Hislop Sc. Anecdotes 246:
Of a' the miseries and dools that women are doomed to dree, that of bearing bairns to a gomeril is the saddest and the sairest. Sh. 1891 J. J. H. Burgess Rasmie's Büddie 56:
O! dat soond o dül an sorrow! Abd. 1746 W. Forbes Dominie Deposed (1767) 9:
Then dool and sorrow interveen'd. Ags. 1945 “S. A. Duncan” Chron. Mary Ann 47:
I fand, to my dool, that my share wiz tae be the ootside [of nuts]. Edb. 1828 D. M. Moir Mansie Wauch (1839) x.:
Words cannot describe the fear, and the dool, and the misery it caused. Lnk. c.1850 Rymour Club Misc. (1906–11) I. 5:
I'll sit in my dill, I'll ca' you a fule, I'll ca' you a creeshie weaver. Ayr. 1789 Burns To Toothache (Cent. ed.) iv.:
Of a' the num'rous human dools . . . Thou bear'st the gree! Ayr. 1823 Galt R. Gilhaize III. vii.:
News of Sarah Lochrig having been permitted to leave the tolbooth of Irvine, without farther dule than a reproof from Provost Reid. Kcb. 1896 S. R. Crockett Grey Man 203:
Such dule and lament as I saw that day saw I never anywhere.
Hence (1) doo(l)fu', dule-, -some, adj., sorrowful, gloomy, sad, causing pain. Also used adv.; (2) doolie, dooley, idem.
(1) Sc. 1797 Scots Mag. (Sept.) 689:
Come tell me Jamie, what's the wyte ye mourn? Why ha'e your thoughts tain sic' a doolsom' turn? Sc. 1887 R. L. Stevenson Underwoods 106:
They'll to your dulefü' house succeed. Mry. 1865 W. H. L. Tester Poems 175:
The clods are dowfin' doo'some on her little coffin lid. Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 40:
I fear the warst, that doolfu' is their lot. Abd. 1916 G. Abel Wylins 104:
Oh, waesome months hae they been to me! Oh! doolsome to young an' to aul'! Lnk. a.1832 W. Watt Poems (1860) 27:
Tis not the loss o' warldly gain . . . That gars me pour my doolfu' main, Wi' harp unstrung. Ayr. 1787 Burns Lament for W. Creech v.:
The brethren o' the Commerce-Chaumer May mourn their loss wi' doolfu' clamour. s.Sc. 1847 H. S. Riddell Poems 306:
My dream's wild light was not o' night, Nor o' the doofu' morning. Rxb. 1805 A. Scott Poems 85:
In the flesh . . . [a] doofu' thorn. (2) Ayr. 1823 Galt Entail lxxviii.:
But for Dirdumwhamle, . . . to be as one in doleful dumps, is sic a doolie doomster.
2. In excls. of distress or sorrow, e.g. l(a)ess an' döl, döl an' wae, = Alas! (Sh.11 1949), doolanee; dulence [dule on us] (Dmf. 1825 Jam.2).
Sc. 1728 Ramsay Poems II. 94:
O Dool! and am I forc'd to die, And nee mair my dear Siller see. Sh. 1899 J. Spence Folk-Lore 242:
Pairtin' wi' dee dis mornin' mak's da aald sair ta blöd — laess an' döl. Abd. 1931 D. Campbell Uncle Andie 64:
Alan Ogilvie hurtit wi' the oak! . . . Dool-a-nee! dool-a-nee! Rnf. 1788 E. Picken Poems, etc. 41:
But, dool an' ee! or I was wattan They had secur't your servan' Rattan. Lnk. c.1779 D. Graham Writings (1883) II. 61:
A dole! woman, I took a sudden blast o' the hame gawn. Rxb. 1847 J. Halliday Rustic Bard 167:
O dool! an' what will douce fouk say, When this I tell?
†3. “A blow or stroke, properly one of a flat description” (Fif. 1825 Jam.2).
4. Phrs. and Combs.: †(1) dule-knot, a knot of ribbon worn as a sign of mourning; †(2) dool-string, a piece of black crepe, worn round the hat as a sign of mourning; (3) dule-tree, a gallows tree; arch.; known to Kcb.10 1940; †(4) dule-weeds, mourning garments; also in n.Yks. dial.; (5) in the dools, depressed, “in the dumps”; †(6) to cry (sing) dool, to lament, mourn; †(7) to thole the dool, to take the consequences (Sc. 1808 Jam.).
(1) Dmf. 1885 F. Miller Poets of Dmf. (1910) 203:
Oh, mither, the dule-knot's on my breast The dank dew's on my hair. (2) Gall. 1796 J. Lauderdale Poems 55:
O! Glasserton and Whithorn, you may wear The doole-strings now, and drop the mournful tear. Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 179:
The nearest of kin to the deceased have commonly the largest dool-strings. Wgt. 1877 G. Fraser Sketches 289:
The hilarious widower . . . began to dance vigorously, the while the long dool-strings, pendant from his hat down to his haunch buttons, danced and diddled together. Kcb. 1814 W. Nicholson Poems 143:
The dool-string I should soon get rid on, An' dance an' sing. (3) Sc. 1875 J. Grant Six Hundred I. ix.:
Make him a tassel on the dule-tree there without. Sc. 1881 R. L. Stevenson Virginibus Puerisque (1887) 154:
The gibbets and dule trees of mediæval Europe. Arg. 1901 N. Munro Doom Castle iii.:
My place goes up to the knowe beside his gallows; but his Grace's regality comes beyond this, and what does he do but put up his dule-tree there that I may see it from my window and mind the fact. Ayr. 1864 J. Paterson Hist. Ayr. and Wgt. II. 272:
The tree [at Cassilis Castle] is called the “Dule Tree.” . . . Every baronial residence had its dule-tree. Kcb. 1896 S. R. Crockett Grey Man xx.:
There would be an end of all his misery upon the dule-tree. (4) Sc. 1822 Scott F. Nigel ix.:
We had weelnigh lost our life and put three kingdoms into dule-weeds. (5) Ags. 1929 W. L. Anckorn in Scots Mag. (April) 77:
He trudged as far as Restenneth and came back in the dools. (6) Sc. 1725 Ramsay Gentle Shepherd Act I. Sc. i. in Poems (1728):
'Till bris'd beneath the Burden, thou cry Dool. Hdg. 1885 J. Lumsden Rhymes and Sk. 93:
Let King George sing dool on his throne. Ayr. 1786 Burns Bard's Epitaph i.:
And o'er this grassy heap sing dool, And drap a tear.
II. adj. Sad, sorrowful, gloomy.
Bnff. 1927 E. S. Rae Hansel fae Hame 32:
What's a' their boastit pride o' state When they deal oot sae dool a fate Tae aul' an' wearit? Bwk. 1880 T. Watts in Minstrelsy of Merse (ed. Crockett 1893) 195:
Ay! dreich an' dowie's been oor lot, . . . Sin' yon dool day we pairtit wi' Oor ain wee wean. Ayr.  J. Ramsay Woodnotes (1845) 221:
He never gets sulky, he never gets dool. Gall. 1745 J. Douglas Book of Gall. (1882) 5:
The minister was very gentle in his recognition — “John, this is a dule day.” Wgt. 1912 A.O.W.B. Fables frae French 90:
He thocht himsel the doolest dog alive. Rxb. 1889 Ellis E.E.P. V. 714:
A dule mirk nicht an nae mune.
†1. tr. and intr. To lament, bewail. Also in n.Yks. dial.
Abd. after 1768 A. Ross Fortunate Shepherd (S.T.S. 1938) ll. 783–4:
Then sat he down beneath this birn of wae, An' dool'd an' mourn'd. Ayr. a.1878 H. Ainslie Pilgrimage, etc., and Poems (1892) 238:
Stout Wharrie spak' — “I dool'd the wrack O' a my heart hings on.”
†2. To chastise.
Fif. 1825 Jam.2:
I'll dool you, i.e. I will give you a drubbing.
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"Dool n.1, adj., v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 25 May 2019 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/dool_n1_adj_v1>
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