Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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DAE, Dee, Du(e), Deu, Dow, Doe, , , v. Sc. forms and meanings of Eng. do. [de: (now tending to replace ø, œ, esp. in m. and s.Sc.); di: nn.Sc., mn.Sc., em. Sc.; dø:,dœ: I.Sc. (Ork. + di:), sn.Sc., em. Sc. (a). See P.L.D. §§ 35.3, 86, 93.1, 121, 146]

A. Sc. forms.

I. Indic. mood.

1. Pr.t.

(1) Affirmative: 3rd person daes (see section (3)), dis (see section (2)), †dise, diz. The form div is used emphatically but in Arg. duv is found (see P.L.D. § 95.2 (1)). The v is due to analogy with hiv, emphatic form of Hae, have. Sc. 1745 in Spalding Club Misc. (1841) I. 430:
Which Im told Lord Lewis dise not admit.
Ork. 1920 J. Firth Reminisc. (1922) 87:
This is the last cog noo, so drink an' be herty; weel dú I bestow hid, for Jeannie's been a guid wife tae me.
Bnff. 1924 “Knoweheid” in Swatches 12:
Gin a loon diz weel, they claim a' the credit.
Abd.(D) 1875 W. Alexander My Ain Folk xiv.:
Ye ken the lassie as weel's I dee; an' ye ken that I'm speakin' the trowth.
Fif. 1894 J. Menzies Our Town 240:
We div look at our tauties on Saubath, div we no?

(2) Negative: formed in the ordinary way or by the addition of the neg. particle -na, e.g. dinna, disna, düna (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.); also den no', döna, donna, din-not, dinnie. Sc. 1721 Ramsay Poems 24:
'Tis an ill Wind that dis na blaw Some Body good.
Sc. 1822 Scott F. Nigel v.:
Donna think to be called Jingling Geordie for nothing.
Sc. a.1894 R. L. Stevenson St. Ives (1898) x.:
For the plain fac' is, Mr. St. Ivy, that I div not ken.
Sh.(D) 1898 “Junda” Klingrahool 9:
But I'm no foryat, though I döna blame, — Du cares na what ean may tink or feel.
Ork.(D) 1880 Dennison Sketch Bk. 6:
Ye den no' tell till they hae taen you ower the Firt'.
Abd.(D) a.1880 W. Robbie Yonderton (1929) xviii.:
“Eh! gold,” she said, “aw din-not believe 'at I can gie ye the cheenge.”
Edb. 1806 H. Macneill Poet. Works II. 48:
I dinna like to buckle Wi' hours owre late.
Rnf. 1788 E. Picken Poems, etc. 21:
Ane may be hale an' weel in health the day And disna ken the morn gin he'll be sae.
Dmf.7 1930:
Dinnie be lang in cummin back, whuther (y)eev an airan or noa, an bring better wather wi (y)ee.

(3) Interrogative, and interrog. neg. diven, divna (emphatic), disnin, dain't. Sc. 1816 Scott O. Mortality xxxvii.:
Div I ken onything o' Lord Evandale! Div I no?
Bnff.(D) 1872 W. M. Philip It 'ill a' Come Richt 132:
Diven ye ken that a lass may be meryt in a natril kin o' wye withoot speerin' the minister's leave?
Abd. 1923 in Bnffsh. Jnl. (17 April) 6:
“O, dinna ye hear it?” exclaimed Highland Jessie at the relief of Lucknow, when the faint sound of the bagpipes in the far distance reached the beleaguered post. “Divna” would not fit the sentence so harmoniously; but one can imagine a subsequent scene when the sharp-eared woman losing patience with her less “glegluggit” companions, exclaims, “Od, divna ye hear't yet? Ye maun be deaf!”
Abd. 1928 A. Black Three Sc. Sketches 7:
Daes he ken aboot the Fiddler?
Abd.(D) 1929 J. Alexander Mains and Hilly 97:
Losh, man, disnin a body see a lang road on a day like this?
Gsw. 1935 A. McArthur and H. K. Long No Mean City xi.:
You like me a wee bit, dain't you, Johnnie?
Rxb. 1916 Kelso Chron. (17 March) 4/6:
Na, na, div ye see whae's away in?

2. Pa.t.: usu. did as in Eng. (Ork. d(e)ud, dood). Occas. the form dune (i.e. the pa.p.) is found, e.g. he dune it, but this is not good Scots and usu. occurs where the speaker has been in contact with vulgar Eng. The neg. is formed regularly or by addition of -na, -nin. Ork. 1907 J. T. S. Leask in Old-Lore Misc. I. ii. 63:
Dat waas preuf anouch 'at he waasna far awa, . . . an', boy, whar tinks du dud dey get 'im? [Also deud (Ib. vi. 223).]
Ork. 1911 J. Spence Ib. IV. iv. 184:
Thu war spieran' aboot da ald fok an' deir weys, an' whit dey dood afore dis daes i that oot o' the wey peece, tha Hillside o' Birsay.
Abd.(D) 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb iv.:
Nyod, didnin he tak a gey fling at the 'lectioneerin' the day?
Ayr. 1823 C. K. Sharpe Ballad Bk. 15:
Ye didna hold my cruel hand Whan I was in my rage.

II. Imperative Mood. Neg. dinna. Sc. 1818 Scott H. Midlothian xlii.:
“Dinna speak on't, Jeanie,” said her father.
Ork.(D) 1880 Dennison Sketch Bk. 8:
Deu weel an' f'are nee man.
Abd. 1927 G. R. Harvey Shepherds 12:
Be quate, Joseph, an' dee fit yer tell't.
Kcb. [1897] T. Murray Frae the Heather (1912) 167:
Then dae the best ye can dae wi' him.

III. Infinitive Mood. Sc. 1750 R. Forbes (ed.) Lyon in Mourning (S.H.S. 1895–96) II. 372:
Tomorrow there is to doe.
Sc. 1933 C. Ness in Border Mag. (Dec.) 178:
We've lots to dae, baith you and I, And I maun to the sea.
Ork. 1920 J. Firth Reminisc. (1922) 94:
If hid did nae guid hid could dee nae ill.
Ags.(D) 1922 J. B. Salmond Bawbee Bowden iii.:
But I canna due wi' your bigottit, naira folk ava.
Fif. 1896 D. S. Meldrum Grey Mantle 245:
Weel, it's no muckle guid he's düne to the toon i' his lifetime, and 't's as weel he's to dü something for't noo he's awa.
Edb. c.1883 T. Thomson in Mod. Sc. Poets (ed. Edwards 1883) 6th Series 80:
They nerve ilk he'rt to dae its pairt.
Rxb. 1915 Kelso Chron. (1 Jan.):
Then let us dae oor little pairt, An' wiser grow each day.

IV. Participles.

1. pr.p.: daein', deein', duin. etc. Sh.(D) 1918 T. Manson Humours Peat Comm. I. 158:
We'll juist geng ta da door an knock an see hoo things ir duin.
Abd. 1873 P. Buchan Inglismill 37:
Man, things are deein' gran' — horn, corn, an' woo.
w.Dmf. 1908 J. L. Waugh Robbie Doo (1912) 72:
I really begin to wonder if education is daein' for us a' that some wad claim.

2. pa.p.: dune, deen, dene, dane, din, dtön, do(o)n (Sh.(D) 1898 “Junda” Klingrahool 24, dön; Cai.7 1939, deen, don (obsol.); Abd. 1918 C. Murray Sough o' War 15, dane). [dɪn wm.Sc., em.Sc. + døn, den; dyn sm.Sc., s.Sc.; din n.Sc.; døn I.Sc.] Sc. a.1802 Lord Ingram and Chiel Wyet in Ballads (ed. Child) No. 66. B. x.:
Gin ye kend what war under that, Your love wad soon be deen.
Sh.(D) 1922 J. Inkster Mansie's Röd 4:
Da tae thing is nae shunner düne den da tidder is ta dü.
ne.Sc. 1929 M. W. Simpson Day's End 22:
An' fain to be, at e'en, Back upon the by-road When the day's darg's dune!
Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 62:
I better wi' less travel meith ha dene, Had I been tenty, as I meith ha been.
Abd.4 1929:
Fat's deen's nae adee.
Edb. 1791 J. Learmont Poems 192:
But sober fock whase doon nae feck o' ill, Has houps aboon, lat death come whan he will.
w.Sc. 1932 A. H. Charteris When the Scot Smiles 183:
Ye'll mebbe be weel-advisit tae see hoo the jobe's din.
w.Dmf. 1920 J. L. Waugh Heroes in Homespun (1921) 12:
Davie's dune weel in Glasca.

B. Sc. usages. The Eng. form do is exemplified in Phrs. and Combs. peculiar to Sc.

1. To cause (followed by obj. and inf.). Obs. or arch. in Eng.: except for one arch. quot. in 1886, the last ex. is 1621 (see N.E.D.). Sc. 1806 R. Jamieson Pop. Ballads I. 56:
The tidings will do his heart to break.

2. Refl.: to betake oneself (to); “to hasten” (Mearns 1825 Jam.2, dow). This refl. use of do, = to proceed, has been obs. in Eng. since early 15th cent. (N.E.D.). Sc. 1825 Duke of Athole's Nurse in Jam.2:
Ye'll dow ye doune to yon change house, And drink til the day be dawing.
Sc. a.1823 Gude Wallace in Ballads (ed. Child) No. 157. G. xxvii.:
He's dane him down to yon tavern, Where they were drinking wine.

3. Phrs.: (1) to be daein' (deein', doing), (a) to be content, to rest satisfied (Sc. 1825 Jam.2; Cai. 1905 E.D.D. Suppl.; Bnff.2, Abd.19, Ags.2, Fif.10, Slg.3 1939); (b) with with: “to bear with, to exercise patience under” (Sc. 1825 Jam.2), “to put up with” (Abd.4 1930, — deein'); cf. Eng. to do with; (2) to be deen wi't, to be dying (Bnff.2, Abd.9, Ags.2, Fif.10, Slg.3 1939); †(3) to do law upon, to execute justice upon. (1) (a) Sc. 1881 A. Mackie Scotticisms 55:
I'll be doing — “that will do,” or “I have enough.”
Abd. 1930 D. Campbell Kirsty's Surprise 9:
Gin I wis takkin' yer wife's advice, Peter, I'd be on my wey tae dook in the Bay o' Nigg, but seein' I hed a bath twa simmers syne, I think I'll be daein'.
Lth. 1925 C. P. Slater Marget Pow 78:
So you can just bide at home and be doin'.
(b) Sc. 1721 J. Kelly Proverbs 150:
He that has a good Crop, may be doing with some Thistles.
(2) Bnff.(D) 1917 E. S. Rae Private J. M'Pherson (1918) 63:
Sair's ma wounds — A doot A'm deen wi't.
(3) Lnk. 1718 Minutes J.P.s Lnk. (S.H.S. 1931) 225:
It is . . . ordained . . . that they be delivered to the King's Sherriffs and that furth with the Kings Justices do law upon them as upon a thieff.

4. Combs.: (1) dae (do)-nae-better, a poor substitute (Sc. 1825 Jam.2, do-; Edb.3 c.1928; Kcb.10 1939); (2) do (dae)-na(e)-gude, dinna(e)good, — guid, a ne'er-do-well (Abd.9, Fif.10 (dae-nae-gude) 1939; Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B., dinnaeguid). (2) Ayr. 1822 Galt Sir A. Wylie II. xvi.:
I hope the do-na-gude may get over his present danger.
Slk. 1829 Hogg Shepherd's Calendar I. i.:
Saw ye naething o' our young dinnagood?

5. Ppl.adj. daein', “industrious; well-doing” (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.). Ib.:
Hei's a daein' lad.

6. Vbl.n. doing, (1) a deed, event; always (since 15th cent.) used in pl. in Eng. (N.E.D.); (2) a scolding. Also doing off (Uls. 1880 W. H. Patterson Gl. Ant. and Dwn.). (1) Sc. 1816 Scott Antiquary xlii.:
Ye'll do this poor ruined family the best day's doing that has been done them since Redhand's days.
Ayr. 1821 Galt Ayrsh. Legatees v.:
It was not to be expected that their hearts would be daunted . . . by a doing of a civil character.
(2) Lnk. 1936 G. Blake David and Joanna 281:
It's a right doing you'll get for missing the race.

[O.Sc. has do(e), du(e), dow, etc., inf. and pr.t.; did, etc., pa.t.; doone, dune, deun, etc., pa.p.; in sense B. 1, from 1438, and sense 2, from c.1400 (D.O.S.T.).]

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"Dae v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 25 Jun 2021 <>



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