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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1952 (SND Vol. III). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

COUP, n.3 Sc. forms and usages of Eng. coop. The Eng. form is illustrated only in a usage long obs. in St.Eng. [kup, kʌup]

1. A sort of pannier; one of two on a horse's back, or fixed on a sledge.Sc. 1888 J. Ramsay Scot. and Scotsmen in 18th Cent. II. x. 199:
Recourse was had to coups, i.e. panniers fixed upon a sledge.

2. A cart with closed sides or ends, usually used for carting dung, etc. Also found in n.Eng. dial. (E.D.D.).Ags. 1794 W. Anderson Piper of Peebles 5:
Fan Coops an' Carts were unco rare, An' Creels, an' Corrocks boot to sair.
Gall. 1810 S. Smith Agric. Gall. 40: 
When used for conveying dung, ashes, &c. a matting or net-work made of straw ropes was spread upon the bottom. This was termed a coup: probably from the facility with which by means of it the carr was unloaded.

[O.Sc. coup, cowp, a basket for catching salmon, 1469; a small close cart used for carrying manure or earth, 1494 (D.O.S.T.); Mid.Eng. cupe, coupe, a basket, a.1300; cowp, a cart with closed sides, 1582 (N.E.D.), prob. from O.E. *cúpe, a parallel form to O.E. cýpe. For extension of meaning from a wickerwork basket to a box-cart, cf. Ger. kiepe, a wicker basket, which in Saxony means a box, or box-cart.]

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"Coup n.3". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Jul 2024 <>



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