Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
COTTAR, Cotter, Cottier, n. Older meaning: a tenant on a farm who occupied a cottage with or without a piece of land attached, the farmer working the cottar's land in return for services rendered; a peasant who occupied a cottage and rented a small plot of land from a landlord. Now applied to a married dependant on a farm who has a cottage as part of his contract. [′kɔtər, ′kɔtər]
Abd. 1825 Jam.2:
In Aberdeenshire, formerly the servant employed as a ploughman by a farmer had generally a separate house assigned him, with a piece of land, and was denominated . . . the cottar; while the other sub-tenants were, for the sake of distinction, designed cottar-men or cottar-fouk. Hence, till of late, the ploughman was called the cottar, though living in the same house with his master. Ags. 1845 P. Livingston Poems and Songs 21:
There the cottar and the laird Lie side by side an' slumber In the auld kirk-yard. Bwk. 1845 Stat. Acc.2 II. 174:
Secondly the cottar . . . engages to do harvest work. Ayr. 1786 Burns Cotter's Saturday Night ii.:
The toil-worn cotter frae his labor goes, This night his weekly moil is at an end. Kcb. 1895 S. R. Crockett Men of the Moss-Hags ix.:
The man was in his own country, and among his own kenned faces, his holders and cottiers.
Combs.: (1) cottar beer, cotter-bear, a boll of barley given to a cottar as part of his remuneration; a patch of barley grown specially for cottars; (2) cottar dung, manure collected by a cottar, who was allowed the first crop from the land so manured; (3) cottar market, “the market held for the hiring of cottars” (Abd.13 1910); (4) cottar's ha', a cottar's cottage; (5) cottar town, a group of houses inhabited by cottars and their dependants (Ags.1 1937); cf. cottown s.v. Cot; (6) cottar wark, -work, stipulated work done by a cottar for the farmer on whose land he dwells, as part of his contract (Abd.22 1937; Abd. 1868 G. Macdonald R. Falconer I. xx., — wark).
(1) Lth. 1801 J. Thomson Poems (1819) 120:
Janet first at Meg did spier, How looks your lint and cottar beer? e.Lth. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 II. 354:
One boll of barley, for cotter-bear, as it is called. (2) e.Lth. 1794 G. Buchan-Hepburn Gen. View Agric. e. Lth. 92:
A considerable extent of ground is annually manured in this county, by what we call the cottar dung. (4) Abd. 1845 P. Still Cottar's Sunday, etc. 17:
I sing that hallowed day as spent in cottar's ha'. (5) Ags. 1822 A. Balfour Farmers' Three Daughters 16:
According to the fashion of the good olden times, there was a cottar town attached to Broombank, containing a number of families; the fathers were all employed on the farm, and also several of the sons and daughters; the cottagers were allowed grazing for a cow, and several other little immunities. (6) Cai. 1812 J. Henderson Gen. View Agric. Cai. 231:
Some of the cottagers paid a day in the week to the farmer, by the name of cottar-work.
You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.
"Cottar n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 28 Feb 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/cottar_n>
Try an Advanced Search