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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1952 (SND Vol. III). Includes material from the 1976 and 2005 supplements.

COAG, KOG, Koag, v.1 Also koog (Sh. 1975). “To be on the outlook, to peep slily” (Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl., coag); “to peer, to look out cautiously” (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928), kog); “to raise the head and look intently as a fowl does when she is surprised” (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl., koag). [ko:g]Sh. 1900 Shetland News (10 Nov.):
I guid as naur as I could, an' dan koog'd at da back o' a brae.
Sh. 1991 William J. Tait in Tom Hubbard The New Makars 46:
For wha coags frae a black clood but auld Madam Muin,
Auld judge o what-you-may-caa'ims, an straucht in the street.

[O.N. kaga, to bend forward and peep, pry (Zoëga), Norw. kaga, koga, id. (Torp), Ger. gucken. There is a small class of Sh. words which change O.N. a to ō regularly, esp. before g, k, or r (see Jak. Intro. p. xlv.).]

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"Coag v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 1 Oct 2022 <>



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