Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology Cite this entry

CHOWK, CHOUK, Chook, Chok(e), Chock, n. The cheek, the jaw (Ork. 1929 Marw., chocks); the throat or neck (Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 134, chowks; Uls. 1880 W. H. Patterson Gl. Ant. and Dwn., chokes). Known to Cai.7, Bnff.2, Abd.2, Ags.17, Fif.10 1940 in form chowk. Almost invariably used in the pl., cf. Choller. [tʃɔ:k Ork.; tʃʌuk Cai., ne.Sc., m. and s.Sc.; tʃuk Abd.; tʃok Arg., Uls.] Sc. 1808 Jam., s.v. chokkeis:
He who has the king's evil, is vulgarly said to have “the cruells in his chouks.”
Bnff.(D) 1933 M. Symon Deveron Days 29:
Sour an' dour wis a' the fowk At oor toon-en'; Mim o' mou', an' lang o' chowk, But the hoose an' ben.
Abd.15 1928:
Ye've a braw roch stibble to kittle her chooks wi'.
Ags. 1922 J. B. Salmond Bawbee Bowden ii.:
Wi' her chowks a' rowed up wi' reid flannin'.
Edb. 1812 P. Forbes Poems 85:
Wi' aching teeth, an' chouks a' lumps.
Arg.1 1929:
He had his chokes aa' bandaged up.
Lnk. 1930 T. S. Cairncross in Scots Mag. (Jan.) 301:
The minister is sure to be a-trimmle, White in the chouks, wi' he'rt as wee's a thim'le.

Comb.: chok-band, chowk-bin, -strap, “the small strip of leather by which a bridle is fastened around the jaws of a horse” (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 31, chowk-bin s.v. cowt-hailter; Bnff.2 (-strap), Abd.2, Kcb.10 1940). Given also for n.Lin. in E.D.D.

[O.Sc. has chouk, choulk, pl. chokkeis, the jaw, earliest quot. c.1470; also cholkband, 1506. D.O.S.T. says the orig. form was prob. cholk. Cf. O.N. kjátki, jaw-bone (Zoëga), Nor. kjake, the cheek, Norw. dial. kôk, jaws, neck (Falk and Torp). In Ork. Norn O.N. l is gen. lost before k, see Marw. Intro. xlvi.]

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Chowk n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 May 2021 <>



Try an Advanced Search

Browse SND: