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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1941 (SND Vol. II).

CARMAGNOLE, CARMAGNOL, n. Arch. [′kɑrmɑnjol]

1. Nickname for a soldier of the French revolutionary army. Entered in N.E.D. as Eng., but with exclusively Sc. examples.Ayr. 1823 Galt Entail III. xii.:
The young soldier marched briskly along . . . flourishing his stick with all the cuts of the broadsword . . . and switching away the heads of the thistles and benweeds in his path, as if they had been Parisian carmagnols.

2. Applied to anyone who causes mischief or upheaval.Ayr. 1796 Burns To Colonel de Peyster (Cent. ed.) iv.:
Then that curst carmagnole, Auld Satan, Watches, like baudrons by a rattan, Our sinfu' saul.

[Fr. carmagnole, a kind of cape which became popular during the French Revolution; by extension, a round sung and danced by the revolutionaries, a revolutionary who wore the carmagnole, a republican soldier (Hatz. and Darm.). The word is used in Eng. to denote the bombastic style used in newspaper reports of the Revolutionary successes, and the song and dance of the revolutionaries, but its appearance is later than in Sc. (N.E.D.).]

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"Carmagnole n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 27 Sep 2022 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/carmagnole>

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