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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1941 (SND Vol. II). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

CAP, v.4 Cf. Kep, v.1

1. “To seize by violence, to lay hold of what is not one's own; a word much used by children at play” (Sc. 1808 Jam.); “to take possession of anything used in play out of season” (Edb. 1910 Scotsman (3 Sept.)).Edb. 1845 F. W. Bedford Hist. G. Heriot's Hospital (1859) 346:
It was too bad of him to cap my top and throw it up to the barty because I was playing with it a week after the time for them had passed.

2. “To stop the progress of something that is in motion; to arrest; to prevent” (Uls. 1924 (2nd ed.) W. Lutton Montiaghisms); to back water with an oar, to hold a boat back in rapid water.s.Sc. 1885 W. Scrope Salmon Fishing 260, 266: 
Cap, Charlie, cap, man; we are drifting doun like mad; keep back your end of the boat. . . . We mun cap weel here, for she will gang ower the stream wi' a terrible flee.

Hence cap-ball, “a boys' game” (Uls. 1880 W. H. Patterson Gl. Ant. and Dwn.), the same as Catchers, q.v.

3. To catch or rake and remove what is being fed out by a machine, poss. an anglicised form of Kep, v., 2m.Lth. 1842 Children in Trades Report ii. k 5: 
I cap to the cutter. My employment is to collect the sheets from the [paper-] cutting machine.

[Cf. O.Fr. caper, to seize, take (Godefroy), from Lat. capĕre, idem. Cf. also Cape and Kep, v.1 Cap = to arrest, has been obs. in Eng. since 1611 (N.E.D.).]

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"Cap v.4". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 22 May 2024 <>



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