Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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CAIRT, n.1 and v. Gen.Sc. form of Eng. cart. Combs. which are similarly formed in Eng. are not listed. [kert, kɛrt]

1.n. In combs: (1) cairt-door, “a back-board or tail-board” (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.); known to Bnff.2, Abd.19, Fif.10, Lnk.3 1938; (2) cairt-draught, -draucht, a cart-load (Abd.2 (-draucht), Fif.10 1938); (3) cairt-end board, “a backboard or tail-board” (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.); (4) cairt gird, “a thick, stout rope used to hold a load of hay, straw, or sheaves on a cart” (Bch. 1928 (per Abd.15)); known to Bnff.2, Abd.9 1938; (5) cairt timmer, “a cart shaft” (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.); (6) cairt-rack, “the rut made by a cart-wheel” (Ib.); (7) cairt-raik, the time taken to dispose of a cart-load (Bnff.2, Kcb.1 1938); (8) cairt-stang, “a cart-shaft” (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.); “the adjustable pole connecting the wheels of a wood wagon” (Kcb. 1938 (per Kcb.9)); cf. car-stang s.v. Car, n.1, 2; (9) cairt-tether, “a long tether for securing a load of hay or sheaves” (Arg.1 1937); (10) cairt-wheel, “the very large variety of marguerite or ‘gowan'” (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.); known to Abd.22, Lnk.3 1938. (2) Ayr. 1896 “G. Umber” Ayrsh. Idylls 218:
A cairt-draught o' coals.
(7) Rxb. 1920 Kelso Chron. (18 June) 2/6:
The farmer, moreover, was what his folks termed “ a devil of a man for wark,” and there was not often a decent interval between the “cairt-raiks.”

2. v. To break in (a horse) for cart work. Arg.1 1931:
Hae ye no that horse cairtit yet?

[O.Sc. cart, 1375, cairt, c.1500–c.1512, a cart, also v., to convey in a cart (D.O.S.T.).]

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"Cairt n.1, v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 22 Jan 2022 <>



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