Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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BRANDER, Branner, Brainder, n. [′brɑn(d)ər, ′brendər]

1. A gridiron; “an open girdle for oat-cakes, with ribs, not a disc” (Cai.8 1934). Gen.Sc. Obs. in Eng., except in north. dial. (N.E.D.). Sc. 1721 Ramsay Poems 257:
Then freshest Fish shall on the Brander Bleez, And lend the bisy Browster-wife a Heez.
Inv. 1722 Ltr.-Bk. Bailie John Steuart (ed. Mackay 1915) 176:
Pleas buy for my wife ane iron spit and brander.
Abd. 1923 J. R. Imray Village Roupie, etc. 5:
First cam' some auld dishes wi' hunners o' cracks, An ayld timmer ladle, a boxie o' tacks, A girdle, a branner, a toaster, some mats.
Ags. 1712 in A. Jervise Land of the Lindsays (1853) App. 342:
Tuo brainders, a dropping pan.
Slk. 1818 Hogg Hunt of Eildon iv. in Brownie of Bodsbeck ii. 311:
May Saint Abernego be my shield, gin I didna think I fand my ears birstling on a brander!

Comb.: brander-bannock, “a thick oat-cake, baked on the gridiron. This is also simply called a bannock” (Abd. 1825 Jam.2; Bnff.4 1925). Ags.(D) 1884 Brechin Advertiser (19 Sept.) 3/4:
By an' by the guidwife made her appearance wi' a gallant trencher weel heapit up wi' brander bannocks an' whangs o' cheese.

2. Cross-bar or framework in any kind of structure. (See quots.) Sc. 1886 J. Barrowman Sc. Mining Terms 12:
Branders, furnace bars.
Sc. 1887 Jam.6:
Brander, frame, framework; support for scaffolding as trestles, etc.; also the scaffolding surrounding a building.
Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928); 1914 Angus Gl.:
Brander, one of the two long pieces of wood on which the bottom-trees of a bed rest, de branders o' de bed; cross-bar between two chair-legs.
Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.:
Brander, an iron frame or other structure for protecting the foot of a bridge-pier from heavy river-borne articles.

3. “The grated iron placed over the entrance of a drain or common sewer” (Abd., Rxb. 1825 Jam.2). Gen.Sc. Mry.(D) 1897 J. Mackinnon Braefoot Sketches x.:
The rain began to fall about six o'clock — a steady “on-ding” . . . fully intent upon choking the gaping branders.
Ags. 1912 A. Reid Forfar Worthies iii.:
A burnie . . . ran from a brander, doun its western side.

Comb.: brander-glet, “slimy ooze of or from a drain-pipe” (w.Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.). See also Glet.

4. A riddle, coarse sieve. Sc. 1844 H. Stephens Book of the Farm III. 1126:
The mode of operation of the brander is, that while the earth partly passes through it, and is partly placed aside by it, the potatoes are wholly laid aside.

[O.Sc. brander, brand(e)ir, n., a gridiron, an iron or wooden structure resembling a gridiron, used also as a v. D.O.S.T. regards it as a reduced form of brandreth, brandrie, id., from O.N. brandreið, a grate. Cf., however, Mid.Eng. brandyr, brandire, brand, and mod.Eng. dial. brandiron.]

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"Brander n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Jul 2021 <>



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