Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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BERGEL(L), BERGLE, BERGILL, BERGELT, n. Used in Ork. and Sh. for some species of the wrasse, Labrus, Eng. ballan. Both in Ork. and Sh. there is a great variety of forms, of which see a few in quots. [′bɛrgəl] Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl., bergle, bergell, the wrasse, berguylt, the black goby; 1908 Jak. (1928), berggiltek, berggilti, berggolti, -golt, -goltek, wrasse (labrus), bergelt, bergel; 1914 Angus Gl., bêrgülti, the black goby. Ork. 1795  Stat. Acc.1 XIV. 314:
Many other fish are caught about this coast . . . called in this country milds, bergills, skate.
Ork. 1805  G. Barry Hist. of Ork. 289:
The Wrasse (labrus tinca Lin. Syst.) that has here got the name of bergle.
Ork. 1929  Marw.:
Bergel, the wrasse. . . . Also in form bergilt and berrigal, bergilto and bergiltin.
Mry. 1925 2 :
Runkie or Norway Haddock or Bergylt.

fig. (See quot.) Ork. 1929  Marw.:
Bergel, a stout dumpy person or animal.

[Norse berggylta, berggalt, lit. rock pig (Falk and Torp). O.N. gyltr, a young sow. Eng. and Sc. dial. gilt, id.]

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"Bergel(l) n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jun 2019 <>



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