Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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BEEST, n.2 (Also used attrib. and in compounds.) The first milk of a cow after calving. When boiled to a thick subsistence, it resembles newly made cheese. When put into the oven, flavoured with salt or sugar, it solidifies into a softish cheese. In Cai. it means the curds or new cheese made from the first milking of a cow after calving. Variant forms.

1. Beest, beist, biest. [bist Sc. but Abd. + biʃt] Sc. 1808  Jam.,
beist; Angus Gl.,
beest; 4 ;
R. Forbes Jnl. from London, etc. (1869) 14:
biest milk; Jam.2,
beist milk, beist cheese.
Cai. 1933 3 :
Man 'eres a waan; Humlag's near calvin an' 'en we'll hae beasty milk an' Kirsty'll mak some beest. [O.Sc. beist, id. 1596, O.E. bēost. Mid. and mod.Ger. biest with same meaning.]

2. Beestin, beistyn, beastie, beesty, beestie. [′bistɪn, ′bisti] Cai. 1911  John o' Groat Jnl. (7 July),
beesty-butter; 1 ,
beastie-milk; Jam.2,
beistyn-cheese; ,
beestie-milk; Watson W.-B. 52,
beestin' puddin'.
Abd. 1933 1 :
As sune as ye milk the coo, full a pint bottle wi' the beestins an pit owre the new caufie's thrapple; it's naiter's [nature's] feesick forbye maet tul'm. Wi' fat's left owre mak' the beestin cheese an' dinna forget raisins, an' ceenimin an' plenty broon sugar intul't.
[From Beest above + suff. in, yn, prob. = verbal termination ing as in Eng. beesting(s) from O.E. bīesting, bsting (O.North. bēsting) as if from a v., *bīestan, to yield beest. The suffixes ie, y, may be reduced forms of ing if they do not come from suff. en = made of, derived from.]

3. Beesenin, beas(e)nin, bees'nin, beesnan, bastnin'. Ayr. 1887 ,
beasenin, beasnin; MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 57,
beasenin; 1 ,
bees(e)nin; Watson W.-B. 52,
bees'nin, and 49, bastnin' [′bɑsnɪn]; J.C. in North. Whig and Belfast Post (14 Dec.) 9/5,

[In this set of variants the t of beestin has been lost by assimilation and absorption and another ending has been added, either en or ing. For assimilation of t cf. Bursen, pa.p. of burst, for Bursten.]

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"Beest n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 May 2019 <>



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